Eight Days a Week review A must-see for Beatles fans

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Eight Days a Week review: A must-see for Beatles fans

Paul McCartney, left, John Lennon, George Harrison and Ringo Starr in The Beatles: Eight Days a Week — The Touring Years. Photo Credit: SubaFilms Ltd.

THE DOCUMENTARYThe Beatles: Eight Days a Week The Touring Years

WHEN WHERESaturday at 8 p.m. on WNET/13

WHAT ITS ABOUTA modest bar is wisely set and gracefully cleared in Eight Days a Week, Ron Howards documentary on The Beatles, which had a brief theatrical run and streamed on Hulu. So much has been written and recorded about the band that the best any filmmaker can do is shear off a bit of the story and zoom in for a closer look. Eight Days a Week, subtitled The Touring Years, presents The Beatles as a young band circling the globe at a feverish pace from their early club gigs in 1962 to their final show in 1966 out of fear that the world might soon forget them. Howards film manages the neat trick of bringing the pop-cultural gods known as Ringo, Paul, John and George down to human scale.

MY SAYThe film began as an idea from the production company One Voice One World, which rather impressively found never-seen Beatles footage. Most of it comes from fans; one woman discovered film of the band walking out to play their last concert, at San Franciscos Candlestick Park, under her bed. These and other gorgeously restored clips from a rousing 1963 rave-up at the ABC Cinema in Manchester to a tuckered-out Tokyo show in 1966 give the movie a narrative arc and help illustrate why The Beatles eventually fled to the safety of the studio.

In interviews, surviving Beatles Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr serve as our ever-gracious band ambassadors. Many other interviewees, like comedian Eddie Izzard or filmmaker Richard Curtis, seem chosen solely because theyre famous. Still, Howard strikes gold with Kitty Oliver, who recalls how The Beatles pressured the Gator Bowl in Jacksonville, Florida, into racially integrating its audience for the first time, in 1964. To a black teenager who would grow up to be a historian specializing in race relations, the concert proved that those differences could disappear, at least for a little while.

BOTTOM LINEUnearthed fan footage and gorgeously restored concert clips make this a must-see for Beatles fans.

This review originally ran in Newsday on Sept. 16, 2016.

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Preschool Calendar Printables

These printables will help your children learn the days of the week!  Use our printable clasrroom charts, wordwall cards, sequencing games, bingo printables and more to help your children learn.

This song is a great way for children to learn the days of the week. Each verse invites children to clap or stomp, ect along with the song.

This is a set of printables children can use to learn the days of the week. These make great wordwall cards, flashcards or bulletin board decorations.

This is a full size chart for classroom use. Children can also store a copy in their personal notebooks.

This is a set of three different wordwall calendar cards reading, Yesterday was…, Today is…, and Tomorrow will be… Use these cards to teach during your morning calendar time.

This is a cute set of printable bookmarks for children to learn the days of the week. These make great rewards or take home items in classroom settings

This is a simple minibook for children to draw in what they do for each day of the week.

This is a set of daily tracing pages for each day of the week. Children trace the words for each day and draw in a picture of what they are going to do that day. These make great notebooking projects. Color versions would be great laminated

7 days-of-the-week abbreviation cards

3 sentence templates: Yesterday was, Today is, and Tomorrow will be and 1 blank card for writing the date

I really like the resources that I have access to on this site. It helps me to be more creative as a mom, teacher and so much more!

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How To Get Strong In 2-3 Days A Week

In three words, this plan is simple, strong, and effective. You crush the big lifts each session, then bro out for 15 minutes before heading back to real life. What could be better?

Im a rookie father. To say time (and sleep) have been a commodity of late is an understatement. My schedule has pretty much consisted of changing diapers, feedings, doctors appointments, studying the book Go the Fuck to Sleep like the great literature it is, and hyperventilating into a paper bagin no particular order.

Normally, this is where someone might say that theyve pretty much stopped training. Ill admit thats not me. I dont say this to sound all braggadocious or hoity-toity, its just that I have zero excuses not to train since I own my own gym, and I have a very understanding wife, whos just as prone to punching someone in the face if she doesnt exercise.

That being said, I can appreciate the idea of not being able to train more than I ever have in the past. I get it now. I really do.

This program is for the new fathers and mothers, or employees and studentsreally whoeverwho still want to chase strength in their training, but can truly only swing it 2-3 times a week. If you have to keep things short, sweet, and simple, this program is for you!

When time is the hurdle, the enemy of execution is complexity. The key to this program is to make things brutally monotonous and simple. Exciting? No. But you will make progress.

You can still get great results training 2-3 times per week, but to do so youll need to squat, deadlift, and bench press every workout. A body-part-split approach wont be ideal in this scenario since the objective will be to prioritize movements that provide a bit more bang-for-your-training buck.

The beauty of this program is that its a template. Most, if not all, of the variables can be tinkered with to fit your schedule, experience level, and equipment availability. Nothing is set in stone other than the main gist: to squat, bench press, and deadlift every workout.

If you want to front squat, do it. If youd rather jump into a live volcano than front squat, perform back squats. Feel free to use whatever variation of the Big 3 thats best suited for your experience level, anatomy, or ego.

Squat:Back squat, front squat, high bar, low bar.

Bench Press:Flat bench, incline bench, decline bench, close grip.

Deadlift:Conventional, sumo, trap bar, Jefferson, rack pulls, snatch grip.

Look at the program and youll see Im a big fan of incorporating some form of rowing into every training session. Seated cable rows, chest-supported rows, single-arm rows, TRX rowstheyre all good, and you can alternate between them weekly. If you have any time at all, dont skip this.

Once a week, I recommend doing some single-leg accessory work. Why? Because it works. As with rows, you can do something different each week: step-ups, split squats, single-legged hip thrusts, all types of lunges.

Dont neglect your Gun Show work. This is also important, but feel free to substitute or augment any arm exercises with additional delt work like dumbbell raise variations, rotator-cuff work, or core work like Pallof presses or farmers carries.

When youre done with the four weeks, you can rinse and repeat, maybe changing out some of the moves for other variations of the same thing. Honestly, you could stay on this plan for a long time.

Listening to 90s hip-hop is always encouraged.

Each day, one lift will be performed heavy, one for repetitions, and one for speed.

So, for example, if youre training three days a week, it might look like this:

Squat heavy, deadlift for speed, bench for repetitions.

Bench heavy, squat for speed, deadlift for repetitions.

Deadlift heavy, bench for speed, squat for repetitions.

If you are only training two times per week, I recommend taking the above schedule and turning it into an A, B, C split.

Squat heavy, bench for speed, deadlift for repetitions.

Bench heavy, deadlift for speed, squat for repetitions.

Deadlift heavy, squat for speed, bench press for repetitions.

Simple enough, right? Now lets determine what heavy means. Because if you think youre going to testing your true max every session, youve got your head in the Bulgarian clouds.

I like to incorporate what I call EDM (estimated daily max) sets, which is something I borrowed from the great strength coachPaul Carter. The idea here is to stay cognizant of day-to-day ebbs and flows in energy levels and to take advantage of auto-regulation.

Some days you feel like youre Wolverine and want to attack all the weights, while on other days, you feel like Wolverine beat you in a street fight and the weights dont feel so light. Utilizing EDM sets allows you to match how you feel any particular day to how hard you should go in the gym.

I prefer to use EDM sets for 3 reps or 5 reps. But to be clear, these are not actual 3-5-rep maxes. Theyre daily maxes, meaning, what your max is for that given day.

Work up to your estimated daily max of three manageable but heavy reps, using however many build-up sets it takes you to get there.

Once you hit that number, stay at the same weight and perform some additional sets of 3-5 singles, which you should easily be able to handle. I like this because it allows you to get in some more volume with a submaximal weight.

Lets say your 3-rep EDM deadlift is 300 pounds. Once you hit that number, youll then perform 3-5 singles at 300 pounds.

Work up to your estimated daily max of 5 reps, using however many build-up sets it takes you to get there.

Once you hit that number, stay at the same weight and perform 1-3 additional sets of triples, which you should easily be able to handle.

Lets say your 5-rep EDM deadlift is 250 pounds. Once you hit that number youll then perform 1-3 sets of 3 at 250 pounds.

Whats nice about alternating between 3-rep and 5-rep EDM sets is that it allows yet another variable to keep training fresh.

These are both more self-explanatory. Getting fast will also help you get strong. Here, the idea is to perform 8-12 sets of 1-3 reps with minimal rest (30-45 seconds) and submaximal weight, in the range of 60-70 percent of your one-rep max. Feel free to play with the percentages a bit, as less experienced lifters may be able to get away with a higher percentage, perhaps upward of 80 percent. But remember that the point is to hone technique. If your eyes bleed during these, youre doing it wrong.

As for repetition sets, you can think of these as your hypertrophy sets. The idea here is to accumulate volume in the 8-12 rep range to help maintain or even build more muscle. With these, Ill sometimes switch out variations, such as using Romanian deadlifts instead of conventional or sumo. Or, I might superset it with an accessory movement. Again, feel free to tweak the percentages on these, within reason. They should be heavy, but the outcome should never be in doubt.

2Squat3-5 sets of 1 rep with 3 EDM load, resting 60 sec. between each

3Bench Press(speed)8 sets of 3 reps with 60% 1RM, rest 60 sec.

Paired Set: 3 sets4Romanian Deadlift8-12 reps with 70-75% of 1RM

Rest 30-60 sec. between movements and sets.5Seated Cable Row5 sets of 10 reps, rest 60-90 sec.

Day 21Bench Pressworking up to EDM of 5 reps. Take as many sets as you need to get there. Rest as needed.

2Bench Press2-3 sets of 3 reps with 5 EDM load, resting 60 sec. between each

3Deadlift(speed)6 sets of 3 with 60% 1RM, rest 60 sec.

Paired Set: 3 sets4Squat8-12 reps with 70-75% of 1RM

Rest 90-120 sec. between movements and sets.5Gun ShowPick a biceps and a triceps exercise and alternate 10 reps apiece for 10 minutes.

Day 31Deadliftworking up to EDM of 3 reps. Take as many sets as you need to get there. Rest as needed.

2Deadlift3-5 sets of 1 rep with 3 EDM load, resting 60 sec. between each

3Squat(speed)6 sets of 3 with 60% 1RM, rest 60 sec.

Paired Set: 3 sets4Bench Press8-12 reps with 70-75% of 1RM

Rest 90-120 sec. between movements and sets.5Walking Dumbbell Lunge3 sets of 10, 12, 8 reps per leg, rest 60-90 sec.

Week 2Day 11Squatworking up to EDM of 5 reps. Take as many sets as you need to get there. Rest as needed.

2Squat2-3 sets of 3 reps with 5 EDM load, resting 60 sec. between each

3Bench Press(speed)10 sets of 3 reps with 60% 1RM, rest 60 sec.

Paired Set: 3 sets4Romanian Deadlift8-12 reps with 70-75% of 1RM

Rest 30-60 sec. between movements and sets.5TRX Suspended Rowfor time, 100 total reps, broken up as needed

Day 21Bench Pressworking up to EDM of 3 reps. Take as many sets as you need to get there. Rest as needed.

2Bench Press3-5 sets of 1 rep with 3 EDM load, resting 60 sec. between each

3Deadlift(speed)6 sets of 3 with 60% 1RM, rest 60 sec.

Paired Set: 3 sets4Squat8-12 reps with 70-75% of 1RM

Rest 90-120 sec. between movements and sets.5Gun ShowPick a biceps and a triceps exercise and alternate 10 reps apiece for 10 minutes.

Day 31Deadliftworking up to EDM of 5 reps. Take as many sets as you need to get there. Rest as needed.

2Deadlift2-3 sets of 3 reps with 5 EDM load, resting 60 sec. between each

3Squat(speed)6 sets of 3 with 60% 1RM, rest 60 sec.

Paired Set: 3 sets4Bench Press8-12 reps with 70-75% of 1RM

Rest 90-120 sec. between movements and sets.5Reverse Lunge3 sets of 8-12 reps per leg, rest 60-90 sec.

Week 3Day 11Squatwork up to EDM of 3 reps. Take as many sets as you need to get there. Rest as needed.

2Squat3-5 sets of 1 rep with 3 EDM load, resting 60 sec. between each

3Bench Press(speed)12 sets of 3 reps with 60% 1RM, rest 60 sec.

Paired Set: 3 sets4Romanian Deadlift8-12 reps with 70-75% of 1RM

Rest 30-60 sec. between movements and sets.5Seated Cable Row5 sets of 10 reps, rest 60-90 sec.

Day 21Bench Pressworking up to EDM of 5 reps. Take as many sets as you need to get there. Rest as needed.

2Bench Press2-3 sets of 3 reps with 5 EDM load, resting 60 sec. between each

3Deadlift(speed)6 sets of 3 with 60% 1RM, rest 60 sec.

Paired Set: 3 sets4Squat8-12 reps with 70-75% of 1RM

Rest 90-120 sec. between movements and sets.5Gun ShowPick a biceps and a triceps exercise and alternate 10 reps apiece for 10 minutes.

Day 31Deadliftworking up to EDM of 3 reps. Take as many sets as you need to get there. Rest as needed.

2Deadlift3-5 sets of 1 rep with 3 EDM load, resting 60 sec. between each

3Squat(speed)6 sets of 3 with 60% 1RM, rest 60 sec.

Paired Set: 3 sets4Bench Press8-12 reps with 70-75% of 1RM

Rest 90-120 sec. between movements and sets.5Dumbbell Step-Up3 sets of 8 reps per leg, holding a single dumbbell goblet style

Week 4Day 11Squatworking up to EDM of 5 reps. Take as many sets as you need to get there. Rest as needed.

2Squat2-3 sets of 3 reps with 5 EDM load, resting 60 sec. between each

3Bench Press(speed)8 sets of 2 reps with 60% 1RM, rest 60 sec.

Paired Set: 3 sets4Romanian Deadlift8-12 reps with 70-75% of 1RM

Rest 30-60 sec. between movements and sets.5TRX Suspended Rowfor time, 100 total reps, broken up as needed

Day 21Bench Pressworking up to EDM of 3 reps. Take as many sets as you need to get there. Rest as needed.

2Bench Press3-5 sets of 1 rep with 3 EDM load, resting 60 sec. between each

3Deadlift(speed)8 sets of 1 with 70% 1RM, rest 60 sec.

Paired Set: 3 sets4Squat8-12 reps with 70-75% of 1RM

Rest 90-120 sec. between movements and sets.5Gun ShowPick a biceps and a triceps exercise and alternate 10 reps apiece for 10 minutes.

Day 31Deadliftworking up to EDM of 5 reps. Take as many sets as you need to get there. Rest as needed.

2Deadlift2-3 sets of 3 reps with 5 EDM load, resting 60 sec. between each

3Squat(speed)8 sets of 1 with 60% 1RM, rest 60 sec.

Paired Set: 3 sets4Bench Press8-12 reps with 70-75% of 1RM

Rest 90-120 sec. between movements and sets.5Single-Leg Hip Thrust3 sets of 10-12 reps, per leg

Tony Gentilcore is a strength and conditioning specialist through the NSCA and is the co-founder/co-owner of Cressey Performance.

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The Days of Holy Week

Palm/Passion SundayMaundy ThursdayGood FridayHoly Saturday

Holy Week is the last week ofLent, the week immediately preceding Easter or Resurrection Sunday. It is observed in many Christian churches as a time to commemorate and enact the suffering (Passion) and death of Jesus through various observances and services of worship. While some church traditions focus specifically on the events of the last week of Jesus life, many of the liturgies symbolize larger themes that marked Jesus entire ministry. Observances during this week range from daily liturgical services in churches to informal meetings in homes to participate in aChristian version of the Passover Seder.

In Catholic tradition, the conclusion to the week is called the Easter Triduum (atriduumis a space of three days usually accompanying a church festival or holy days that are devoted to special prayer and observance). Some liturgical traditions, such as Lutherans, simply refer to The Three Days. The Easter Triduum begins Thursday evening of Holy Week with Eucharist and concludes with evening prayers Easter Sunday.

Increasingly, evangelical churches that have tended to look with suspicion on traditional High-Church observances of Holy Week are now realizing the value of Holy Week services, especially on Good Friday (seeLow Church and High Church). This has a solid theological basis both in Scripture and in the traditions of the Faith. Dietrich Bonhoeffer, the German theologian who was executed by the Nazis, wrote of theCost of Discipleshipand warned of cheap grace that did not take seriously either the gravity of sin or the radical call to servanthood: When Jesus bids a man come, he bids him come and die.

It is this dimension that is well served by Holy Week observances, as they call us to move behind the joyful celebrations of Palm Sunday and Easter, and focus on the suffering, humiliation, and death that is part of Holy Week. It is important to place the hope of the Resurrection, the promise of newness and life, against the background of death and endings. It is only in walking through the shadows and darkness of Holy Week and Good Friday, only in realizing the horror and magnitude of sin and its consequences in the world incarnated in the dying Jesus on the cross, only in contemplating the ending and despair that the disciples felt on Holy Saturday, that we can truly understand the light and hope of Sunday morning!

In observing this truth, that new beginnings come from endings, many people are able to draw a parable of their own lives and faith journey from the observances of Holy Week. In providing people with the opportunity to experience this truth in liturgy and symbol, the services become a powerful proclamation of the transformative power of the Gospel, and God at work in the lives of people.

The entire week between Palm Sunday and Holy Saturday is included in Holy Week, and some church traditions have daily services during the week. However, usually only Palm Sunday, Maundy Thursday, and Good Friday are times of special observance in most churches.

Holy Week begins with the sixth Sunday in Lent. This Sunday observes the triumphal entry of Jesus into Jerusalem that was marked by the crowds who were in Jerusalem for Passover waving palm branches and proclaiming him as the messianic king. The Gospels tell us that Jesus rode into the city on a donkey, enacting the prophecy of Zechariah 9:9, and in so doing emphasized the humility that was to characterize the Kingdom he proclaimed. The irony of his acceptance as the new Davidic King (Mark 11:10) by the crowds who would only five days later cry for his execution should be a sobering reminder of the human tendency to want God on our own terms.

Traditionally, worshippers enact the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem by the waving of palm branches and singing songs of celebration. Sometimes this is accompanied by a processional into the church. In many churches, children are an integral part of this service since they enjoy processions and activity as a part of worship. This provides a good opportunity to involve them in the worship life of the community of Faith. In many more liturgical churches, children are encouraged to craft palm leaves that were used for the Sunday processional into crosses to help make the connection between the celebration of Palm Sunday and the impending events of Holy Week.

This Sunday is also known asPassion Sundayto commemorate the beginning of Holy Week and Jesus final agonizing journey to the cross. The English wordpassioncomes from a Latin word that means to suffer, the same word from which we derive the English wordpatient.

In most Protestant traditions, theliturgical colorforThe Season of Lentis purple, and that color is used until Easter Sunday. In Catholic tradition (and some others), the colors are changed to Red for Palm Sunday. Red is the color of the church, used forPentecostas well as remembering the martyrs of the church. Since it symbolizes shed blood, it is also used on Palm Sunday to symbolize the death of Jesus. While most Protestants celebrate the Sunday before Easter as Palm Sunday, in Catholic and other church traditions it is also celebrated as Passion Sunday anticipating the impending death of Jesus. In some Church traditions (Anglican), the church colors are changed to red for thefifthSunday in Lent, with the last two Sundays in Lent observed as Passiontide.

Increasingly, many churches are incorporating an emphasis on the Passion of Jesus into services on Palm Sunday as a way to balance the celebration of Easter Sunday. Rather than having the two Sundays both focus on triumph, Passion Sunday is presented as a time to reflect on the suffering and death of Jesus in a Sunday service of worship. This provides an opportunity for people who do not or cannot attend a Good Friday Service to experience the contrast of Jesus death and the Resurrection, rather than celebrating the Resurrection in isolation from Jesus suffering. However, since Sunday services are always celebrations of the Resurrection of Jesus during the entire year, even an emphasis on the Passion of Jesus on this Sunday should not be mournful or end on a negative note, as do mostGood FridayServices (which is the reason Eucharist or Communion is not normally celebrated on Good Friday).

There are a variety of events that are clustered on this last day before Jesus was arrested that are commemorated in various ways in services of worship. These include the last meal together, which was probably a Passover meal, the institution of Eucharist or Communion, the betrayal by Judas (because of the exchange with Jesus at the meal), and Jesus praying in Gethsemane while the disciples fell asleep. Most liturgies, however, focus on the meal and communion as a way to commemorate this day.

During the last few days, Jesus and His disciples had steadily journeyed from Galilee toward Jerusalem. On the sunlight hillsides of Galilee, Jesus was popular, the crowds were friendly and the future was bright. Even his entry into Jerusalem had been marked by a joyous welcome. But in Jerusalem there was a growing darkness as the crowds began to draw back from the man who spoke of commitment and servanthood. There was an ominous tone in the murmuring of the Sadducees and Pharisees who were threatened by the new future Jesus proclaimed.

Even as Jesus and his disciples came together to share this meal, they already stood in the shadow of the cross. It was later that night, after the meal, as Jesus and His disciples were praying in the Garden of Gethsemane, that Jesus was arrested and taken to the house of Caiaphas the High Priest. On Friday He would die.

There is some difference in the chronology of these events between the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) and Johns account (seeSynoptic Problem). In the Synoptics, this last meal was a Passover meal, observing the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt when death passed over the Hebrew homes as the tenth plague fell upon the Egyptians. Yet, in Johns account the Passover would not be celebrated until the next day. And while the Synoptics recount the institution of Communion (Eucharist) during this final meal, John instead tells us about Jesus washing the disciples feet as a sign of servanthood.

In any case, this Thursday of Holy Week is remembered as the time Jesus ate a final meal together with the men who had followed him for so long. We do not have to solve these historical questions to remember and celebrate in worship what Jesus did and taught and modeled for us here, what God was doing in Jesus the Christ. And the questions should not shift our attention from the real focus of the story: the death and resurrection of Jesus.

Traditionally in the Christian Church, this day is known as Maundy Thursday. The termMaundycomes from the Latin wordmandatum(from which we get our English wordmandate), from a verb that means to give, to entrust, or to order. The term is usually translated commandment, from Johns account of this Thursday night. According to the Fourth Gospel, as Jesus and the Disciples were eating their final meal together before Jesus arrest, he washed the disciples feet to illustrate humility and the spirit of servanthood. After they had finished the meal, as they walked into the night toward Gethsemane, Jesus taught his disciples a newcommandmentthat was not really new (John 13:34-35):

A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; even as I have loved you, you also ought to love one another. By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.

The colors for Maundy Thursday are usually the colors of Lent, royal purple or red violet. Some traditions, however, use red for Maundy Thursday, the color of the church, in order to identify with the community of disciples that followed Jesus. Along the same line, some use this day to honor the apostles who were commissioned by Jesus to proclaim the Gospel throughout the world.

The sharing of the Eucharist, or sacrament of thanksgiving, on Maundy Thursday is the means by which most Christians observe this day. There is a great variety in exactly how the service is conducted, however. In some churches, it is traditional for the pastor or priest to wash the feet of members of the congregation as part of the service (John 13:3-15). Increasingly, churches are observing some form of the Passover Seder as a setting for the Eucharist of Maundy Thursday (seeIntroduction to a Christian SederandHaggadah for a Christian Seder). Some churches simply have a pot-luck dinner together concluded with a short time of singing and communion.

In some church traditions all of the altar coverings and decorations are removed after the Eucharist is celebrated on Maundy Thursday. Psalm 22 is sometimes either read or sung while the altar paraments are being removed. Since the altar in these traditions symbolize the Christ, the stripping of the altar symbolizes the abandonment of Jesus by his disciples and the stripping of Jesus by the soldiers prior to his crucifixion. This, like the darkness often incorporated into a Good Friday service, represents the humiliation of Jesus and the consequences of sin as a preparation for the celebration of new life and hope that is to come on Resurrection Day. Some churches only leave the altar bare until the Good Friday Service, when the normal coverings are replaced with black.

However it is celebrated, the Eucharist of Maundy Thursday is especially tied to the theme of remembering. As Jesus and his disciples followed the instructions in the Torah to remember Gods acts of deliverance in their history as they shared the Passover meal together, so Jesus calls us to remember the new act of deliverance in our history that unfolds on these last days of Holy week (seeRemember! A Service of Communion).

Friday of Holy Week has been traditionally been called Good Friday or Holy Friday. On this day, the church commemorates Jesus arrest (since by Jewish customs of counting days from sundown to sundown it was already Friday), his trial, crucifixion and suffering, death, and burial. Since services on this day are to observe Jesus death, and since Eucharist is a celebration, there is traditionally no Communion observed on Good Friday. Also, depending on how the services are conducted on this day, all pictures, statutes, and the cross are covered in mourning black, the chancel and altar coverings are replaced with black, and altar candles are extinguished. They are left this way through Saturday, but are always replaced with white before sunrise on Sunday.

There are a variety of services of worship for Good Friday, all aimed at allowing worshippers to experience some sense of the pain, humiliation, and ending in the journey to the cross. The traditional Catholic service for Good Friday was held in mid-afternoon to correspond to the final words of Jesus from the cross (around 3 PM, Matt 27:46-50). However, modern schedules have led many churches to move the service to the evening to allow more people to participate. Usually, a Good Friday service is a series of Scripture readings, a short homily, and a time of meditation and prayer. One traditional use of Scripture is to base the homily or devotional on theSeven Last Words of Jesusas recorded in the Gospel traditions.

Father, forgive them . . . (Luke 23:34)

This day you will be with me in paradise (Luke 23:43)

Woman, behold your son . . .(John 19:26-27)

My God, my God . . . (Matthew 27:46, Mark 15:34)

Father into your hands . . . (Luke 23:46)

Some churches use theStations of the Crossas part of the Good Friday Service. This service uses paintings or banners to represent various scenes from Jesus betrayal, arrest, trial, and death, and the worshippers move to the various stations to sing hymns or pray as the story is told . There is a great variety in how this service is conducted, and various traditions use different numbers of stations to tell the story (seeThe Fourteen Stations of the Cross).

Another common service for Good Friday isTenebrae(Latin for shadows or darkness). Sometimes this term is applied generally to all church services on the last three days of Holy week. More specifically, however, it is used of theService of DarknessorService of Shadows, usually held in the evening of Good Friday. Again, there are varieties of this service, but it is usually characterized by a series of Scripture readings and meditation done in stages while lights and/or candles are gradually extinguished to symbolize the growing darkness not only of Jesus death but of hopelessness in the world without God. The service ends in darkness, sometimes with a final candle, the Christ candle, carried out of the sanctuary, symbolizing the death of Jesus. Often the service concludes with a loud noise symbolizing the closing of Jesus tomb (seeThe Empty Tomb). The worshippers then leave in silence to wait.

Some churches do observe communion on Good Friday. However, traditionally Eucharist is not served on Good Friday since it is a celebration of thanksgiving. Good Friday is not a day of celebration but of mourning, both for the death of Jesus and for the sins of the world that his death represents. Yet, although Friday is a solemn time, it is not without its own joy. For while it is important to place the Resurrection against the darkness of Good Friday, likewise the somberness of Good Friday should always be seen with the hope of Resurrection Sunday. Still, Good Friday observances should not yet move into celebration. (For an example of a homily that focuses on the dimension of mourning and loss, seeThe Death of Hope: Good Figs and Good Friday.)

This is the seventh day of the week, the day Jesus rested in the tomb. In the first three Gospel accounts this was the Jewish Sabbath, which provided appropriate symbolism of the seventh day rest. While some church traditions continue daily services on Saturday, there is no communion served on this day.

Some traditions suspend services and Scripture readings during the day on Saturday, to be resumed at theEaster Vigilafter sundown Saturday. It is traditionally a day of quiet meditation as Christians contemplate the darkness of a world without a future and without hope apart from God and his grace.

It is also a time to remember family and the faithful who have died as we await the resurrection, or to honor the martyrs who have given their lives for the cause of Christ in the world. While Good Friday is a traditional day of fasting, some also fast on Saturday as the climax ofthe season of Lent. An ancient tradition dating to the first centuries of the church calls for no food of any kind to be eaten on Holy Saturday, or for 40 hours before sunrise on Sunday. However it is observed, Holy Saturday has traditionally been a time of reflection and waiting, the time of weeping that lasts for the night while awaiting the joy that comes in the morning (Psa 30:5).

-Dennis Bratcher, Copyright ©2015, Dennis Bratcher – All Rights Reserved

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A Sermon that tells the story of Holy Week as seen through the eyes of the Roman Centurion at the foot of the Cross:

Christ and the Cross from a Roman Centurions Perspective

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Days Of The Week Scrunchie Set

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Abbreviations of Months of the Year Days of the Week and Other Abbreviations of Time

First Footnotes and Endnotes Examples in MLA Style

Parenthetical references examples in MLA style

Works cites, References or Bibliography?

How to write a bibliography or works cited page

Presentation Tips for Public Speaking

How to Survive the Internet Unscathed

Abbreviations of Months of the Year, Days of the Week, and Other Abbreviations of Time

What is the proper way to abbreviate the word month? Unfortunately, there is no only proper way. It all depends on context: mth (plural mths) is most popular.

MM and M are usually used in date formats like MM/DD/YY. In some documents it is common to see just m.

Please note: Abbreviations used on this page denote common usage unrelated to documenting sources. When documenting sources using MLA style, the months with four or fewer letters, e.g.May,June, andJulyare not abbreviated, the remaining monthsJan., Feb., Mar., Apr., Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov.andDec.are abbreviated. When documenting sources using APA style, no abbreviations are used, all months should be spelled out in full. Both months and days of the week should start with capital letters and end with a period.

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The Seasons on Earthfrom Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

Earths Seasons. Seasons are the result of the tilt of the Earths axis, from Enchanted Learning.

5. Thursday Th., Thu., Thur., or

Symbols for Days of the Week Historical symbols for the days of the week, by D. Glenn Arthur, Jr., Baltimore, MD.

Day of the Week Find out what day of the week did a certain date fall on, by Stephen C. Phillips, University of Southampton, UK.

ante meridiem (before noon)

anno Domini (in the year of our Lord) after birth of Christ AD or

You may write A.M. and P.M. using all capital letters or all lower case letters. However, a style you have chosen must be followed consistently throughout the entire document. You should not confuse the two styles.

Common Abbreviations.

The New Lexicon Websters Encyclopedic Dictionary of the English Language

. Canadian ed. New York: Lexicon, 1988, CA1-8.

(Above reference out of print. Closest match currently available:Websters Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, 1996 ed.)

Gibaldi, Joseph.MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6th ed. New York: MLA, 2003, 263.

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Common, Uncommon and Specialized Abbreviations

USA, Canada, Countries of the World Abbreviations, Facts, Flags, Maps, and Cities of the World

Chapter 11. Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography in MLA Style

The History of The DC Comics Universe

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Week Calendar

Does your native iPhone, iPod or iPad calendar give you insufficient insight and options? Then Week Calendar is the solution for you. Whether you use iCloud, Exchange or Google calendar, Week Calendar is the most user friendly, powerful and the all-round calendar app worldwide for everyone that needs to get the most out of their calendar app.

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In just a few simple steps you create an event, suggest locations and dates and invite the participants.

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When everyone has responded or there are enough responses to make a choice, you can set the final date and location.

TranslateHelp translate Weekcal today!

Weekcal is used all over the world, in many different countries and languages. To make Weekcal easier for everyone, weve reached out to our user community to help us translate it into as many languages as possible. You can help by improving any of our current translations. If you would like to contribute to a new language, please send an email . Thank you in advance for your help!