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Linux Tutorials

is a Unix like operating system kernel developed by Linus Torvalds in 1991. The Linux kernel is used in a huge range of electronic devices including computers, phones, embedded systems, home appliances, etc.

Its a long story, but unless you are a kernel developer you dont interact with the Linux kernel directly every day. A kernel cannot run by itself, it needs programs and applications. The story goes that Richard Stallman, a pioneer of the free software movement in the 80s was trying to build a free ( free as in freedom ) operating system, and by the early 90s he had all the programs and applications he needed to complete the operating system, he was just lacking a kernel. When Linus Torvalds released his kernel in 1991, it was chosen as the GNU kernel and thus the GNU operating system was completed. The combination of GNU and Linux is what we call today aLinux Distribution. Many programs we use in a Linux distribution were built by GNU so to give credit to Richard Stallman many people call LinuxGNU/Linux. Debian one of the first Linux distributions that came out of this duo, still refer to their Linux distribution GNU/Linux. It is important to note that Richard Stallman tried to create his own kernel called GNU Hurd but he never was able to make it stable enough to include it in the GNU operating system, so Linux was chosen instead.

Linux is the most popular operating system in the world, people just dont see it. Linux is like the air, is here and everywhere but people dont see it and dont talk about it. Many people havent even heard of the word Linux in their life even though they use an Android device every day. 95% of all web servers powering the Internet today are using Linux, NASA uses Linux to launch rockets into space, the international space station use Linux for their computing, etc. 82% of all smart phones in the world are powered by Android which uses Linux for its kernel, and most likely the fridge and microwave you use in your kitchen everyday are powered by a Linux based firmware. People that claim that Linux is not popular are probably referring to Linux popularity in the desktop market dominated by Windows and Mac OS, and they are correct, Linux has never been popular in the desktop market. as of now the Linux desktop market share is about 2%. Why Linux has never been popular in the desktop market is up for debate, but the fact that nobody owns Linux has made it difficult to market the operating system to the general masses.

What are the best Linux distributions to run in a laptop or desktop?

Ubuntu is probably the most popular Linux distribution to use in a laptop/desktop right now.

Linux Mint Many people like to use Linux Mint because it comes with everything installed out of the box. there is no media codecs, and other proprietary stuff to install, Mint includes it all by default.

Fedora Fedora is the free Linux distribution packaged by Redhat. many people like Fedora because it includes cutting edge technologies in every release, and it features GNOME, the most used desktop environment in the Linux world.

OpenSUSE for people that prefer the KDE desktop environment, OpenSUSE is regarded as the best KDE distro by many.

Debian Debian is the father of Ubuntu, Linux Mint, and so many other Linux distributions. if you want to start from the root, use Debian.

Elementary OS Elementary OS is an Ubuntu derivative Linux distribution that resembles the Mac OS interface a lot. many people like it because it is very gorgeous and easy to use.

Arch Linux Arch Linux is revered by many Linux nerds. if you really want to learn Linux, you should try installing Arch to get an idea what youre really up to. like the nerds say, when you learn Ubuntu or Fedora you learn Ubuntu or Fedora, but when you learn Arch, you learn Linux.

What are the best Linux distributions to run in a server?

Ubuntu Server Ubuntu has a large presence in the server environment especially in cloud environments like Amazon, Windows Azure, and a bazillion of web hosting companies.

RedHat/CentOS Redhat and its derivative CentOS is still the preferred Linux distribution to run on servers by many.

SUSE Linux SUSE is a very popular server Linux distribution in Europe, and liked by many because it includes full solutions and is backed by a big name like Novell.

Debian Many people run Debian on the servers because of its stability and long life support.

In this page you will find many tutorials based on Linux and applications that use Linux as their preferred operating system.

Save SFTP Account Data in FileZilla

(For 1&1 Windows Hosting, you can find theinstructions here.)Learn how to connect to your Linux Hosting webspace via SFTP in FileZilla.

Before you begin, you will need todownload and install FileZilla.

Launch the FileZilla program, either from the Start Menu, Finder, your desktop, or however you normally launch programs. Once the program is open, click

You can create a profile, which FileZilla refers to as a Site, containing all the information you need to connect to your webspace.

button, and type a name for the FileZilla Site such as your domain name. This helps you to know which site you are connecting to in the future, should you add other FTP sites.

Enter theFTP Software Connection Credentialsand then click the

The automatically configured 1&1 subdomain that can be viewed in the 1&1 Control Panel

You can use only the 1&1 subdomain or a IPv4 address for your FTP account. Unencrypted FTP cannot be used to connect with an IPv6 address; only SFTP can be used.

because Filezilla saves the password in plain text, making it possible for others to read it.

Also, in the transfer settings, select passive mode and limit the number of simultaneous connections to a maximum of 4.

You should now be able to connect and begin transferring files. To upload, select files from the left-hand side of the windows and drag them to the right-hand side of the menu. Let go of your mouse button to drop the files on the right-hand side to upload them.

For additional information, you may want to reference:

FTP Software Connection Credentials

Transfer Files with FileZilla via SFTP – 1&1 Help Center

Step-by-Step Guide for Transferring Files Securely with FTP – 1&1 Help Center

Configure FileZilla with the 1&1 Configuration File – 1&1 Help Center

Create a New FTP Account in Your Linux Package – 1&1 Help Center

Create a New FTP Account in Your Windows Package – 1&1 Help Center


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FTP over SSH (notSFTP)refers to the practice of tunneling a normal FTP session over anSSHconnection.

Because FTP uses multipleTCPconnections (unusual for a TCP/IP protocol that is still in use), it is particularly difficult to tunnel over SSH. With many SSH clients, attempting to set up a tunnel for thecontrol channel(the initial client-to-server connection on port 21) will protect only that channel; when data is transferred, the FTP software at either end will set up new TCP connections (data channels), which bypass the SSH connection, and thushave noconfidentialityintegrity protection, etc.

File transfer over the network using FTP protocol (defined by RFC 959 and later additions) has its roots in 1980, when the first RFC for FTP protocol was published. FTP provides functions to upload, download, and delete files; create and delete directories; and read directory contents. Although FTP is very popular, it has certain disadvantages that make it harder to use. The major drawbacks are lack of the uniform format for directory listing (this problem has been partially solved by introducing the MLST command, but its not supported by some servers) and the presence of the secondary connection (DATA connection). Security in FTP is provided by employing SSL/TLS protocol for channel encryption as defined in RFC 2228. The secured version of FTP is called FTPS.

In UNIX systems, another security standard has grown. It was the SSH family of protocols.The primary function of SSH was to secure remote shell access to UNIX systems.Later, SSH was extended with file transfer protocolfirst SCP (in SSH 1.x), and then SFTP (in SSH2). Version 1 of the SSH protocol is outdated, unsecure, and generally not recommended for use. Consequently, SCP is not used anymore and SFTP gains popularity day by day.

The SFTP abbreviation is often mistakenly used to specify some kind of Secure FTP, by which people most often mean FTPS. Another (similar) mistake is that SFTP is thought to be some kind of FTP over SSL. In fact, SFTP is an abbreviation of SSH File Transfer Protocol. This is not FTP over SSL and not FTP over SSH (which is also technically possible, but very rare).

SFTP is a binary protocol, the latest version of which is standardized in RFC 4253. All commands (requests) are packed to binary messages and sent to the server, which replies with binary reply packets. In later versions, SFTP has been extended to provide not just file upload/download operations, but also some file-system operations, such as file lock, symbolic link, creation, and so forth.

Both FTPS and SFTP use a combination of an asymmetric algorithm (RSA, DSA), a symmetric algorithm (DES/3DES, AES, Twhofish and so on), and a key-exchange algorithm. For authentication, FTPS (or, to be more precise, SSL/TLS protocol under FTP) uses X.509 certificates, whereas SFTP (SSH protocol) uses SSH keys.

X.509 certificates include the public key and certain information about the certificate owner. This information lets the other side verify the integrity of the certificate itself and authenticity of the certificate owner. Verification can be done both by computer and to some extent by the human. An X.509 certificate has an associated private key that is usually stored separately from the certificate for security reasons.

A SSH key contains only a public key (the associated private key is stored separately). It doesnt contain any information about the owner of the key. Neither does it contain information that lets one reliably validate the integrity and authenticity.Some SSH software implementations use X.509 certificates for authentication, but in fact they dont validate the whole certificate chainonly the public key is used (which makes such authentication incomplete and similar to SSH key authentication).

Heres the brief list of pros and cons of the two protocols:

The communication can be read and understood by humans

Provides services for server-to-server file transfer

SSL/TLS has good authentication mechanisms (X.509 certificate features)

FTP and SSL/TLS support is built into many Internet communication frameworks

Doesnt have a uniform directory listing format

, which makes it hard to use behind the firewalls

Doesnt define a standard for file name character sets (encodings)

Not all FTP servers support SSL/TLS

Doesnt have a standard way to get and change file and directory attributes

Has good standards background that strictly defines most (if not all) aspects of operations

The directory listing is uniform and machine-readable

The protocol includes operations for permission and attribute manipulation, file locking, and more functionality

The communication is binary and cant be logged as is for human reading

SSH keys are harder to manage and validate

The standards define certain things as optional or recommended, which leads to certain compatibility problems between different software titles from different vendors

No server-to-server copy and recursive directory removal operations

No built-in SSH/SFTP support in VCL and frameworks

As usual, the answer depends on what your goals and requirements are.In general, SFTP is technologically superior to FTPS. Of course, its a good idea to implement support for both protocols, but they are different in concepts, in supported commands, and in many other things.

Its a good idea to use FTPS when you have a server that needs to be accessed from personal devices (smartphones, PDAs, and the like) or from some specific operating systems that have FTP support but dont have SSH/SFTP clients. If you are building a custom security solution, SFTP is probably the better option.

As for the client side, the requirements are defined by the server(s) that you plan to connect to. When connecting to Internet servers,SFTP is more popular because its supported by Linux and UNIX servers by default.

For private host-to-host transfer, you can use both SFTP and FTPS. For FTPS, you would need to search for a free FTPS client and server software or purchase a license for commercial one. For SFTP support, you can install an OpenSSH package that provides free client and server software.

If you are a software developer and need to implement file transfer capability in your application, you will be searching for the components to do the job.

In .NET, you have built-in support for FTPS in the .NET Framework (see the FtpWebRequest class). However, functionality of this class is severely limited, especially in the SSL/TLS control aspect.The .NET Framework doesnt include any support for SSH or SFTP.

In VCL, you have a selection of free components and libraries that provide FTP functionality. When you add OpenSSL to them, you can get FTPS for free. If you dont want to deal with OpenSSL DLLs, you can use one of the commercially available libraries for SSL and FTPS support. Again,there are no freeware SFTP components available for .NET.

If you use a tool with which you have to use ActiveX controls, you need to search for commercial FTPS or SFTP controls. No free controls are available. SecureBlackbox library provides both FTPS and SFTP support for .NET, VCL and ActiveX technologies.



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Using FileZilla for SFTP

FileZilla is a freely available SFTP client that you can use at home in place of the SSH Secure File Transfer program that we are using in the labs to transfer files between the local machine and the remote Burrow machines. FileZilla works on Windows, OS X and Linux.

To download FileZilla go to theFileZilla homepageand click on the Download FileZilla Client link.

Next use the download that is appropriate for your operating system to install FileZilla.

Once you have installed FileZilla, start the program and you should be greeted by a window similar to the following.

The interface is fairly self explanatory. You will need to fill in the Host, Username and Password fields.

One trick you should note is that since we want to use SFTP instead of regular FTP you will need to put sftp:// in front of the hostname.

Once you have filled in those fields, click the Quickconnect button and FileZilla should connect you to the remote machine

If a window asking about an unknown host key appears, just click the OK button.

Finally, this is what FileZilla looks like once it is connected. In the left pane you will see your local files and in the right pane are your remote files. You can freely drag and drop between them or even directly to the desktop.

Using Filezilla with FTP FTPS and SFTP

Using Filezilla with FTP FTPS and SFTP

Using Filezilla with FTP FTPS and SFTP

Using Filezilla with FTP FTPS and SFTP

Upload/download to Hosted~FTP~ using a Plain or Encrypted FTP client connection

Filezilla is a free FTP client you can use to access your files, folders and even run scripts. Read our overview for using Filezilla with FTP FTPS and SFTP.

Clickhereto download FileZilla.Clickhereto watch our FileZilla tutorials.

We support and strongly recommend you connect with secure connections using FTPS (FTP over TLS/SSL) or SFTP (FTP over SSH) as a security best practice.

Plain FTP Connection details. For IP addresses please see thislink

The Hosted~FTP~ service will connect your FTP client to the nearest location.

We support both active and passive mode. We recommend choosing passive mode (PASV) to minimize issues with firewalls that block FTP connections

If you are unable to connect using passive mode, please note that in addition to port 21 we use ports 1200 to 2000 for data transfers.  You may need to update your firewall configuration to allow access to ports 21 and 1200 to 2000 for the TCP/IP protocol. Please see thislinkfor further details on the differences between active and passive mode.

Example settings for using FileZilla FTP client in plain FTP

Encrypted SFTP or FTPS Connection details. For IP addresses please see thislink

FileZilla settingsExample settings for using FileZilla FTP client secure transfer using FTPS.

Note: we only support Explicit FTP over TLS (FTPES)

Some FTP clients will request that the servers certificatemust be validated for theinitial Logininteraction.

FileZilla settingsExample settings for using FileZilla FTP client secure transfer using SFTP

The first time you connect to the Hosted~FTP~ site with a username/password with SFTP the Unknown Host Key message may appear. This is a normal part of the SSL setup for FileZilla and other SFTP clients/scripts

Hosted~FTP~ is the owner of the host server and can be trusted. Please select the checkbox Always trust this host, add this key to the cache and the FTP client will then authenticate this SSL key for future connections.

The TOFU (Trust on first use) security model is employed by SSH. See e.g. _First_UseRefer to these:

WinSCP: verification in scriptinglink

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Accessing Engineering File Space using FileZilla (SFTP

SSH File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) can be used to securely transfer documents to your engineering storage space (Z drive) from a personal computer, or vice versa. The SFTP server can be accessed from on or off campus, making it useful for accessing files created on campus, or backing up work done at home onto the schools servers. Many programs can be used for SFTP access, but we recommend using FileZilla.

If you need help downloading or installing FileZilla, or have trouble with these instructions, contactsupportor visit theWireless Help Desk.

1. Once you have the software, on the top bar of the window that opens, select File then select Site Manager…

2. In the window that opens, selectNew Site. Name the entry something to help identify it, such as engr sftporz drive.

Enter the host name:

Change the Protocol dropdown menu to: SFTP – SSH File Transfer Protocol

Change the Logon Type dropdown menu to: Ask for password

Your window should look like the following:

This will allow FileZilla to connect without asking for your password, only select Normal on computers you are confident others will not have access to.

3. Press the connect button at the bottom of the window.

You can now reconnect to the SFTP server at any time by simply launching FileZilla, opening the site manager, selecting the entry you created, and pressing connect.

The window should look similar to the following:

4. While FileZilla is connected to a server, the left half of the window shows the drives, folders, and files on the computer you launched FileZilla from. The right side shows files and folders on the server you are connected to. Each half is navigated in the same fashion as is used when moving using windows explorer.

5. To transfer a file or folder from your computer to the server, drag the file from the file explorer on the left side of the window, to the folder you wish to place it in on the right. To transfer from the server to your computer, drag a file or folder from the right file explorer to a destination folder on the left side.

If you have any other questions about how to use this software please e-mailsupport.

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Connect to Amazon EC2 file directory using Filezilla and SFTP

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I have created an AWS EC2 Instance and I want to be able to upload files to the server directory using FileZilla in the simplest and most straightforward fashion possible.

So what is the question? If you have SSH/SFTP credentials, simply use FileZilla and connect to the site? Open the Site Manager, add your site (select SFTP as protocol) and store it. Make Site Manager open up each time you open FileZilla, so you just have to double-click on the Site Manager item.

Any specified problem you are having with your task?

Um, maybe you can accept an answer?

Ive created video tutorial for this just check.

Connect to Amazon EC2 file directory using FileZilla and SFTP, Video Tutorial

Edit (Preferences)



Browse to the location of your .pem file and select it.

A message box will appear asking your permission to convert the file into ppk format. Click Yes, then give the file a name and store it somewhere.

If the new file is shown in the list of Keyfiles, then continue to the next step. If not, then click Add keyfile… and select the converted file.


Site Manager Add a new site with the following parameters:

Host: Your public dns name of ec2 instance, or the public ip address of the server

User: From thedocs: For Amazon Linux, the default user name isec2-user. For RHEL5, the user name is often root but might be ec2-user. For Ubuntu, the user name isubuntu. For SUSE Linux, the user name isroot. For Debian, the user name isadmin. Otherwise, check with your AMI provider.

Press Connect Button – If saving of passwords has been disabled, you will be prompted that the logon type will be changed to Ask for password. Say OK and when connecting, at the password prompt push OK without entering a password to proceed past the dialog.

Note:FileZilla automatically figures out which key to use. You do not need to specify the key after importing it as described above.

Checkthispost if you have any permission issues.

I cant access the david jensen link, however I can login as ubuntu (after I followed instructions similar to the ones you wrote above) but not as any other user, do you have any ideas or links which may point me in the right direction here?

for free tier ubuntu distributions username will be ubuntu.

To add to what was mentioned above make sure you delete the default value of 21 in port text box (default for sftp) as it seems to work with port 22. It started working for me when I deleted the port.

@Yasitha Chinthaka I have followed all steps but cannot connect to my instance. It is a large instance on Windows server 2012. Any help appreciated. I have added the inbound rule for SSH on my security group. Is there any other configuration needed or changes since you last posted this answer?

If anyone is following all the steps and having no success, make sure that you are using the correct user. I was attempting to use ec2-user but I needed to use ubuntu.

Make sure you use port 22. Filezilla will default to port 21 for SFTP.

Just one minor note to the well explained accepted answer of Yasitha Chinthaka:

Note: FileZilla automatically figures out which key to use. You do not need to specify the key after importing it as described above.

In my case I already had other 5 ppks from other instances that I was using in the past (with the ppk of the new instance being at the bottom of that list). I added the new ppk of my new instance, and it wouldnt let me connect to it. The error message: too many tries / attempts.

After I deleted the unused ppks, I was finally able to login to the instance.

So no, Filezilla is not that smart 😉

You can use any FTP client. I use winscp and it works just fine. In all these clients; you can specify the ssh secure key.

Old question but what Ive found is that, all you need is to add the ppk file. Settings ->

Connections ->


Add keyfile User name and the host is same as what you would provide when using putty which is mentioned in help someone.

In my case, Filezilla sends the AWS ppk file to every other FTP server I try to securely connect to.

Thats crazy. Theres a workaround as written below but its ugly.

It does not behave well as @Lucio M pointed out.

Agreed. However, given I cant control the operation of the server, is there any way to specify within FileZilla that a site should authenticate with a password rather than key, or vice-versa? Or tell it to try password first, then key only if password fails? It appears to me its trying key first, and then not getting a chance to try password.

Could such an option be added, or are there any good workarounds anyone can recommend? Right now, the only workaround I know is to delete the key from general preferences, add it back only when connecting to the specific site that requires it, then deleting it again when done so it doesnt mess up other sites.

Right now you could have two FileZilla instances with separate config dirs (e. g. one installed and one portable).

I just had this same issue today and managed to resolve it by changing the logon type of the connection using a password in the site manager. Instead of Normal I could select either Interactive or Ask for Password (not really sure what the difference is) and then when I tried to connect to the site again it gave me a prompt to enter my password and then connected successfully. Its not ideal as it means you have to remember and re-type you password every time you connect, but better than having to install 2 instances of FileZilla. I totally agree that it would be very useful in the Site Manager to have full options of how you would like FileZilla to connect to each site which is set up (whether to use a password, key, etc.) Hope this is helpful! Tim

For multiple FTP sites with keys / passwords, use multiple Filezilla installs, OR, use the same ppk key for all servers.

I wish there was a way to tell FileZilla which ppk is for which site in Site Manger

the most simple and straight forward is to create a FTP login. Here is a little and easy to understand tutorial site on stackoverflow itself, how to set things up in 2min…Setting up FTP on Amazon Cloud Server

First of all Filezilla is an FTP/SFTP client/server. We will need to use the client for this purpose.

1) Download the client from the URL:

2) Go to AWS management console and then EC2. Select the instance that you want to access and then copy the DNS or IP address of the instance and then paste it in Filezilla host name.

Follow Image:Amazon Instance Access via FileZilla

3) Then, enter the username for the instance that you have created, For Amazon-ami it will be ec2-user and for other OS it would be different. Then, enter the password and port which will be 21 or 22.

4) Then, it will ask for the key, which is in pem format just select the .pem file and then it will confirm authentication. Click on Yes and then you are Done.

Note: In your EC2 Security group allow port number 21 and 22 whichever required for FTP access.

FileZilla did not work for me, I kept getting this error:

To downloadpath/to/source/file.txtandpath/to/source/dir:

To uploadlocalpath/to/source/file.txtand~/localpath/to/source/dirtoremotepath/to/dest:

First you have to install some ftp server on your ec2 machine like vsftpd.

Configure vsftpd config file to allow writes and open ports.

Connect with ftp client like filezilla.

Make sure you open port 21 on aws security group.

Thank you for your interest in this question. Because it has attracted low-quality or spam answers that had to be removed, posting an answer now requires 10reputationon this site (theassociation bonus does not count).

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For Your Mac — Getting Started With Terminal Services

Installing the Client 1. Download the English version of the client here. Version in other Languages can be found here….

Getting Started with Terminal Services

Welcome to the CCIT Terminal Services (TS) environment. This system allows Columbia College staff to remotely access Columbia University supported software while also providing access to network drives. There are only a few steps you need to take to get started using this system.

How to Connect to the Columbia U Secure Wireless Network

This article describes the initial steps to get a CCIT provided laptop connected to the Columbia U Secure Wireless Network.

Setting up sybase-ct with encrypted password connections on Linux using ASE 15

This article describes how to setup the sybase-ct PHP extension to use encrypted passwords.

Creating a New Outlook Profile for Mail Merge Use (Office 2010)

Our knowledge base is here to help with solutions to common problems and procedures for performing many everyday tasks with our supported software. Take a look at our articles and if you have any suggestions pleaselet us know.

How to connect with SFTP using Filezilla

In this article we will show you how to setup a connection to your FTP Today site using SFTP in FileZilla. This information is provided as is and can change at any time.

Step 1.With FileZilla is open click the site manager button to create a new site connection.

Step 2.With the Site Manager window open click the New Site button.

Step 3.Type a name for the connection.

Step 4.You will need to fill out the following information to connect via SFTP.

Protocol: SFTP – SSH File Transfer Protocol

User: The user account you wish to login with.

Password: The password for the user account.

Youre done!Your connection manager should look similar to the one pictured to the right. Click the Connect button to connect to your FTP Today site.

Have more questions?Submit a request

File Transfer & File Sharing with the Web App

How to connect with SFTP using WS_FTP Pro

How to connect with FTPS using Filezilla

How To Set Up SSH Keys on Unix/Linux

SFTP file transfer using Filezilla (MacWindowsLinux

Center for Education Policy Research (CEPR)

Installing Software Yourself

Filesystem/Authorization FAQs

Center for Education Policy Research (CEPR) FAQs

Introduction to Odyssey RC Services

Filezilla is a free and open source SFTP client which is built on modern standards. It is available cross-platform (Mac, Windows and Linux) and is actively maintained. As such Research Computing is recommending its use over previous clients, especially as it does not have some of the quirks of clients like Cyberduck or SecureFX. This document will outline setting up a bookmark in Filezilla to connect to the cluster or other RC file resources you have access to.

NOTE: If your SFTP session constantly disconnects after several seconds,see this FAQ entry.

First you will need to download and install the Filezilla client:(Linux users may be able to install Filezilla using their respective package manager.)

IMPORTANT: If you have never logged into Odyssey before, please insure youve gone through thesetup processand set up yourOpenAuthtoken before proceeding.

Once installed, launch Filezilla and click theSite Managericon in the upper left to begin setting up a connection bookmark for future use.

ClickNew Siteto add a new bookmark. Enter the connection details in the General tab.

(you can also use, they are interchangeable).

, otherwise you will not be prompted for your OpenAuth token)

The password box will be greyed out because were using Interactive login. If it contains dots, thats OK.

In theAdvancedtab, select the local (i.e. – on your computer) directory/folder youd like to start in when connecting. You can type this in or click theBrowsebutton and find the directory you want.

You can leaveDefault remote directory:blank if you simply wish to connect to your RC accounts home directory. Or, if you wish to connect to a specific directory (for instance, your labs shared storage or a particular folder in your home directory), you can enter this here.

Click theTransfertab and check theLimit number of simultaneous connectionsbox and setMaximum number of connectionsto 1. Otherwise you will be prompted for your password and token each time the token expires and for every new simultaneous connection during file transfers.

Click Connect to initiate a connection. If youre just making a bookmark for later, click OK.

The first time you connect you will see a window titled Unknown host key. Check the Always trust this host, add this key to the cache box and click OK. This will store Odysseys key for future use.

A password prompt box will pop up. Enter your RC account password here.

Another password box will pop up as. This is for your OpenAuth token.

Enter the code shown in your OpenAuth token window (Or Google Authenticator, if you are using that alternative token generator) and click OK.

You should now be connected to Odyssey and see your local files in the left-hand pane and the remote files in the right-hand pane. You can drag and drop between them or drag and drop to/from file windows on your computer. When done, click the red X icon up top to disconnect.

ADVANCED TOPIC:Filename filtering rules in Filezilla

This work is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available atAttribution.

New O3 (Odyssey 3) partitions go live today! For descriptions and info,

Seat still available for October 24th Mathworks: Hands-on Parallel

Accelerating Viscoelastic Calculations

Air Pollution and Mortality in the Medicare Population

Green Computing Today, Not Tomorrow

NESE: Large-Scale Extendable Storage

New compute and partition reconfiguration

Holiday Break Dec 22- Jan 2- Dec. 22, Dec. 23, Dec. 24, Dec. 25, Dec. 26, Dec. 27, Dec. 28, Dec. 29, Dec. 30, Dec. 31, Jan. 1

FAS RC Office Hours Wed. 12-3PM- Jan. 17

FAS RC Office Hours Wed. 12-3PM- Jan. 24

FAS RC Office Hours Wed. 12-3PM- Jan. 31

HCSPH Office Hours (Kresge 205)- Feb. 6

FAS RC Office Hours Wed. 12-3PM- Feb. 7

Intro to Unix – 38 Oxford 206- Feb. 14

FAS RC Office Hours Wed. 12-3PM- Feb. 14

Intro to Unix – Kresge 205- Feb. 20

HCSPH Office Hours (Kresge 205)- Feb. 20

Copyright © 2017The President & Fellows of Harvard College. All Rights Reserved except where otherwise noted.

Please be aware that as part of the Odyssey3 rollout, theinteractpartition has been retired.

You will need to adjust any scripts you may have, replacing interact with test.

Also note that thetime and core limitsare being enforced on this queue to cut down on abuse.

More info onSlurm Partitionsincluding new partitions More info onOdyssey3

Harvard University and FAS Research Computing will be closed for the winter breakstarting Friday 12/22/17 and returning 1/2/18.

During this period there will beno on-site support. We will monitor for outages or critical issues, but generalhelp tickets may not be addressed until we return. Also please note that chat will not be manned after 12/20.

We look forward to working with you all again in the new year.

Automating FileZilla

The FileZilla client does not support any kind of automation.

Though you can use WinSCP to easily script your FileZilla sites.

Use theImport Sitescommand to import your FileZilla site to WinSCP.

Once the site is imported, use theGenerate Session URL/Codecommand to generate ascriptor assembly code(C,VB.NET or PowerShell) for the site.

Alternatively, you can directly refer to the FileZilla site from the WinSCP script, if you want to maintain a possibility to manage the site settings from FileZilla.

Use the-filezillaswitch of theopencommand:

This is not recommended though as you rely on a configuration stored in your Windows account profile. For this reason the script is not portable.

Once you have a connection established, you can follow a generic guide toautomating file transfers with WinSCP.

Or you can even have WinSCPgenerate a full file transfer script or codefor you.

FileZilla Portable(FTP) V3280

FileZilla Portable FTP






9FTP FTPSFTP over SSL/TLSSFTPSSH File Transfer Protocol


Filezilla client FTPFTPFTPfilezilla client

—-UTF-8 GB2312

114 GHOST WIN7 V2017.06(32)

114 GHOST WIN7 V2017.06(64)

Ghost win7 sp1 x86 V2017.0332

GHOST WIN7 SP1 X86 V2017.0332

GHOST WIN7 SP1 X64 V2017.0164

GHOST WIN7 SP1 X86 V2017.0132


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= newrjxz_3) $(.zban li a).removeClass(curr), $(.zban li a).eq(3).addClass(curr); $(.zban li a.xzdz).removeClass(curr); if ($(newrjxz_2).is(:hidden)) newrjxz_3 = $(newrjxz_3).offset().top; newrjxz_4 = $(newrjxz_4).offset().top + $(newrjxz_4).height() – 100; if (scroH

= newrjxz_3) $(.zban li a).removeClass(curr), $(.zban li a).eq(3).addClass(curr); $(.zban li a.xzdz).removeClass(curr); if ($(newrjxz_4).is(:hidden)) newrjxz_3 = $(newrjxz_3).offset().top; if (scroH

= newrjxz_3) $(.zban li a).removeClass(curr), $(.zban li a).eq(3).addClass(curr); $(.zban li a.xzdz).removeClass(curr); else if (scroH

= navH1_now) var jl = parseInt($(newrjxz_0).offset().top) – 100; $(document).scrollTop(jl); else if (t == 1) $(newrjxz_0).hide(); $(newrjxz_1).show(); $(newrjxz_2).show(); $(newrjxz_3).show(); $(newrjxz_4).show(); if (scroH_now

= navH1_now) var jl = parseInt($(newrjxz_1).offset().top) – 100; $(document).scrollTop(jl); else if (t == 2) $(newrjxz_0).hide(); $(newrjxz_1).hide(); $(newrjxz_2).show(); $(newrjxz_3).show(); $(newrjxz_4).show(); if (scroH_now

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= navH1_now) var jl = parseInt($(newrjxz_3).offset().top) – 100; $(document).scrollTop(jl); else if (t == 4) $(newrjxz_0).hide(); $(newrjxz_1).hide(); $(newrjxz_2).hide(); $(newrjxz_3).show(); $(newrjxz_4).show(); if (scroH_now

= navH1_now) var jl = parseInt($(newrjxz_4).offset().top) – 100; $(document).scrollTop(jl); ) ); /**/ $(window).scroll(function() var scrolls = $(this).scrollTop(); if (scrolls

10) $(.backtop).fadeIn(slow); if (scrolls

Using Filezilla with FTPS and SFTP

You can access your files and folders with any FTP client software (FileZilla etc). Clickhereto download FileZilla. You can also run FTP scripts.We support and strongly recommend you connect with secure connections using FTPS (FTP over TLS/SSL) or SFTP (FTP over SSH) as a security best practice.

Plain FTP Connection details. For IP addresses please see thislink

The Hosted~FTP~ service will connect your FTP client to the nearest location.

We support both active and passive mode. We recommend choosing passive mode (PASV) to minimize issues with firewalls that block FTP connections

If you are unable to connect using passive mode, please note that in addition to port 21 we use ports 1200 to 2000 for data transfers.  You may need to update your firewall configuration to allow access to ports 21 and 1200 to 2000 for the TCP/IP protocol. Please see thislinkfor further details on the differences between active and passive mode.

Example settings for using FileZilla FTP client in plain FTP

Encrypted SFTP or FTPS Connection details. For IP addresses please see thislink

The Hosted~FTP~ service will connect your FTP client to the nearest location.

Example settings for using FileZilla FTP client secure transfer using FTPS.

Note: we only support Explicit FTP over TLS (FTPES)

We do not support Implicit FTP over TLS

SSL Certification authentication from FTP Clinets

Some FTP clients will request that the servers certificate

as granted by the certificate DigiCert

authority for the TLS1.2 protocol with RSA public key algorithm with 2048 bits

The Hosted~FTP~ service will connect your FTP client to the nearest location.

Example settings for using FileZilla FTP client secure transfer using SFTP

: clickherefor details on setting up FileZilla for PKI logon

SSL Unknown Host Key message

The first time you connect to the Hosted~FTP~ site with a username/password with SFTP the Unknown Host Key message may appear. This is a normal part of the SSL setup for FileZilla and other SFTP clients/scripts

Hosted~FTP~ is the owner of the host server and can be trusted. Please select the checkbox Always trust this host, add this key to the cache and the FTP client will then authenticate this SSL key for future connections.

The TOFU (Trust on first use) security model is employed by SSH. See e.g. _First_Use

WinSCP: verification in scriptinglink

What firewall ports do I need to open when using FTPS?

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Server Fault is a question and answer site for system and network administrators. Join them; it only takes a minute:

I need to access an FTPS server (vsftpd) on a vendors site. The vendor has a firewall in front of the ftps server. I have a firewall in front of my FTPS client.

I understand that ports 990, 991 and maybe 989 need to be opened up for control traffic.

When looking at it from the vendors firewall perspective, should these ports be opened up for both inbound and outbound traffic?

What about ports for the DATA channel?

Do I have to open all ports above 1000?

Should I do it for both inbound and outbound traffic ?

My understanding of FTP over SSL (ftps) is that it doesnt work well with firewalls and NAT. In an ordinary FTP session, the information about data connections is read, and for NAT modified, by the firewall in order for the firewall to dynamically open the needed ports. If that information is secured by SSL, the firewall cant read it or change it.

Using SFTP, or scp, makes the network administrators job a lot easier – everything happens on the servers port 22, and the transaction follows the normal client/server model.

One thing not mentioned is whether or not your firewall is performing NAT and whether or not it is static NAT or dynamic NAT. If your client machine has a static address or is being statically NATed, you may not need to make any firewall changes, assuming you allow all outbound traffic and the server operates only in Passive mode (PASV).

To know exactly what ports you will need to open, you will need to either:

a) talk to the vendor to get specifics about how their system has been configured.

b) Use a protocol analyzer, such as tcpdump or wireshark, to look at the traffic, both from outside your firewall and inside your firewall

You need to find out which port is the Control Connection. You list 3, which seems odd to me. Assuming the server only works in PASV (passive) mode, you need to figure out how the server is configured to allocated DATA ports. Have they locked down the DATA channel to a single inbound port? Have they locked down the DATA channel to a small range or ports?

With these answers, you can start configuring your firewall.

passive mode FTPS would use a control port over port 1024 and so it would work better with a firewall than non-passive. the client tells port 21 what upper-bound port to open and so you can configure the client to say control is on port 2000 or 2001 and then the server will open outbound port 2000 or 2001. most FTP clients support defining a specific range of ports for control to be on and that makes firewall definitions easy.

I believe the ports around 990 were for implicit SSL, which was an old non-standard way of doing FTP/SSL. The right way these days is explicit SSL, which means you still connect on port 21 and then negotiate SSL before sending your goodies. To support connections through a firewall, you need to use PASV mode and hard set the data ports to be used.

I believe you need at least one port per data connection you want to support. If its just you, youre probably fine only opening a few extra ports. Specifically for me, I use 21000-21010.

In nf, I have these two lines (along with all the other stuff to support SSL):

On my firewall, I have a public static IP with one-to-one/static NAT to the internal IP and only tcp ports 21, 21000-21010 open.

I know this is an extremely old thread, however..

Please note that SFTP is completely different from FTPS. ( SSH vs SSL )

FTPS worsk in 2 way. Explicit and Implicit. Explicit is less secure because after the initial handshake skips encryption during data transfers [if data encryption is maintained is configurable on server side with PROT P], while the Implicit keeps the encryption of the data after handshake too. The default Explicit FTPS port is 21. The default Implicit port is 990 ( after handshake it will switch automatically to 989 for data transmission, if not configured differently). While port 21 is generally accepted as EXPLICIT FTPS and 990 as IMPLICIT FTPS, in reality whichever port you will configure, except 990/989, will lead to EXPLICIT FTPS while ONLY 990/989 will be accepted as IMPLICIT FTPS.

So, to answer your question: – depending on the FTPS Server configuration, youll need to open port 21 or 990/989. However, just to be sure, you should contact the FTPS Server admin and ask for directions. Also, keep in mind that for passive mode, as with every other FTP software, youll have to open additional ports (TCP/UDP) usually something from the range 64000-65000.

Basically ftps is almost useless, because you must make embarrassing requests to firewall admins. The advice to restrict ports to 10 is good. Much more, it gets pathetic.

sftp is a lot better in theory. But you need a viable sftp server, e.g. one that restricts clients to their own home directory.

Depending on the application, consider HTTPS. A file upload is really simple, and a download obviously is as well. If youre scripting the FTP anyway, its probably going to be easier altogether to script an HTTPS file upload.

Automated FTP is a sign of a design problem. I noticed this when dealing with a total of about a dozen vendors that required a place I worked to do automated FTP (for VERY important things), and when making dozens of customers do it with that same shop (a design failure for about 20 distinct uses I witnessed). It was easy to convince most app guys to use HTTPS (usually at the mention, they said wait, theres no reason were not just having them get it with HTTPS from the web server were already serving them data on?), except a few that gave responses like well, we already have these scripts that seem to work, and no one on our team is really good with scripting so we cant really make any changes (a team of 5-10 programmers, pretending to not understand that they can write it in a language of their choice, because they dont know how to write a trivial program from scratch.).

The vendor may be able to configure a narrow port range for the DATA connection ports, if they havent already. Then you can open the same range on your end, for the hosts that need such access. PASV mode should be used.

Port 22 is standard since the SSH daemon on UNIX has a SFTP module that you can enable to basically make a explicit SFTP server. If you want to run a implicit FTP server with Filezilla then you can run it on any port you want but there is a catch: if you use FileZilla client you need to specify the ftp site URL as :8086 rather than putting the port in the separate port field that the FileZilla client provides.

For the explicit option you only need ONE port: 22. For the implicit option you only need to have the firewall open for the control port: 8086 (which forwards internally to port 21 on your filezilla server).

if ftps is the same assftp, then you only need to be able to access port 22 on the vendors site.

On your end you should configure your firewall to allow port 22 outgoing, andrelated incoming traffic. This will allow communication on any incoming port that isrelated tothe initial outgoing connection on port 22.

SFTP is not the same as ftps /net_general/internet/article.php/). SFTP is the file transfer protocol used with SSH. FTPS is FTP with SSL, FTPS starts a new DATA connection on a new random port, which makes it tough to deploy behind firewalls, but I cant remove the firewall in this situation.

Sorry then. I will leave this post though, in case others have the same confusion.

Its a hugely common confusion. From the firewall side, sftp is way easier to allow, except that its built on a protocol that is intended for login access. Negligent for independent security groups to allow without significant independent validation. Difficult for sysadmins to find/configure a reasonable sftp server for untrusted clients. Any discussion of sftp or ftps must mention the other protocol becauuse confusion is SO common.

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The SSH File Transfer Protocol is a network protocol that provides file access, file transfer, and file management functionalities over SSH.

By using SFTP you can easily change, browse and edit files on your Raspberry Pi. SFTP is easier to setup thanFTPas Raspbian has SSH enabled by default.

Download the latest FileZilla Client version for your operating system .

Launch FileZilla and go toFile Site manager.

Fill in theIP address, user name and password (by default the user name ispiand the passwordraspberry) of your Raspberry Pi in the dialog and chooseSFTPas the protocol.

ClickConnectand you will see the home folder of the user.

Type: SSH Server: The Pis IP address Port: 22 (default) User name: pi (default) Password: raspberry (default)

Chrome OS file manager (tested on Acer Chromebook)

Open the Chromebooks file manager app.

Scroll to the bottom of the file tree in the left panel.

In the dialog box that opens, enter:

The IP address or The hostname (default is `raspberrypi`) Enter port 22 (Not the one shown next to the IP address on your pi) Add user `pi` and the password (default is `raspberry`)

You may encounter another dialog box for security; if you do, clickAlloworAccept.

Read our usage and contributions policy

How do I activate SSH for my web space?

increases the security on your web space by allowing you to connect to your web space with encrypted connections. Connect and transfer files securely with SFTP or connect to your web space directly from a terminal.

SSH access is not included in our Starter packages. Instead you canactivate SFTPto securely transfer files from and to your web space.

To activate SSH for your web space:

To change the default password for SSH:

You will then receive an email with a link that can be used to change the SSH password.

When connecting via SSH use this info:

the one you chose for SSH in your Control Panel

Remember to replace $[example-domain] with your own domain.

Use a program likePuttyon Windows orTerminalon Mac, to connect withSSHfrom your computer.

When connecting via SFTP use this info:

the one you chose for SSH in your Control Panel

Remember to replace with your own domain.

Use a program likeFileZillaorCyberduck, to connect viaSFTPfrom your computer.

You find your web space located in a public folder called/and your private home folder at/home/ just replace with your own domain.

How do I connect to my web space using SSH?

Which features are available for SSH?

How do I activate SSH for my web space?

How do I connect to my web space using SSH?

Which features are available for SSH?

Have more questions?Submit a request

filezilla sftp server

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… Area Networks. The supported servers are: FTP, HTTP,SFTP, SSH, and Telnet. A proxyserver(Polipo) with Tor anonymizer is also included. The main…

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WinSCP is a freeSFTPand FTP client for Windows, and a multi-functional tool that improves your productivity. WinSCP copies files between…

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WinNMP – Nginx MariaDB Redis Php 7 development stack for Windows A lightweight, fast and stableserverstack for developing php mysql applications…

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A Batch and API oriented application for managed file transfer.

YADE (former SOSFTP) is a batch file transfer solution for FTP, FTPS,SFTP, WebDAV and other protocols. It provides a configurable command line…

Multi PuTTY Manager (MPManager) helps to open and manage multiple PuTTY sessions in tabs. All PuTTY sessions are managed and stored under…

Various Processing and Data Rescue Tools over Wired or Wireless Networ

… connection services (sshsftp) and present user with a console for executing various utilities i.e Text, Image, Audio, Video, Downloading etc…

… andSFTP(ssh-FTP). Has lots of features, upload, download, move, copy filesfolders. Sendserversite specific commands through built in terminal.

Ramdisk Templates like ArchiCrypt Ultimate RAM-Disk, Primo Ramdisk (ServerEdition). Templates (portable) areFileZilla, and some other.

Apache Commons VFS utilities such as a bridge to the Apache Mina FTPServer, a bridge to the Apache Mina SSHD SCP SFTPserverand a scriptable…

Report Delivery. Report Distribution. Report Bursting. Email & FTP

… reporting software including Crystal Reports, Microsoft Access, Microsoft SQLServerReporting Services, IBM Cognos, Oracle Hyperion and QlikView Easy…

Dropbox replacement done in python. Pluggable Backends, available are ftp andsftp(ssh).

…, multiple versions of PHP and MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB, SQLite,FilezillaFTPServer, memcached, phMyAdmin, phpPgAdmin, eXtplorer, mantis etc… Support…

Easy screenshot upload to FTP and SFTP servers.

QuikSnap Personal is a version of the client which allows you to use your ownserverfor image hosting. Currently, you can only upload…

Mac OSX Style Linux Desktop with Webmin managed Server

Pearl Linux 1.5 64 bit has been fine tuned since our first release of Pearl 1.0 on this our first 64 bit version. The changes were made to…

A windows web server management control panel.

AMFPP is a simple to use control panel that makes life easier when it comes to setup a WindowsServerwith services such as Apache, MySQL, FTPServer…

Send files from any place to an HTTPserver. Transfer files in parts chunks. Transfer big files (and small). Have limited upload file size…

Access your files over the web using your Browser!

GoodbyeFtp is a rich, web alternative toFileZillaClient,FileZillaServer, WinSCP, SmartFTP, and more. No client installation – Just use your…

Sundog is a home cloudserver. It provides a collection of servers that let you access your data at home and on the road.

FilezillaServerwith LDAP (Microsoft Active Directory) Authentication.

Distro de GNU/Linux para estudiantes y desarrolladores en informtica

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Develop and host websites on your PC with great ease.

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Secured SFTP using FileZilla

Lets learn how to use SFTP. The correct term for this is SSH File Transfer Protocol (but loosely referred to as Secure FTP or SFTP). It means that connection password and data is transmitted securely over the internet in encrypted form. This is different from regular FTP where data is transmitted without encryption, and a hacker with packet sniffer can intercept your data. Hacker can still intercept bits from Secure FTP, the difference is that the bits are encrypted and he/she can not view it.

Well show you have to use SFTP using FileZilla for Windows. (Mac users can tryCyberDuck).

Step 2:Click New Site and give it a name

Step 5:Select Normal login type

To ensure that you are connected via SFTP, you should see initializing SFTP connection in the Filezilla console and see a lock icon in the FileZilla status bar

You may need SSH access in order to use SFTP over SSH. Not all webhost will provide this access. Others may provide SSH, but you have to explicitly ask for it. Try connecting using regular FTP. If regular FTP work but FTP over SSH does not, then contact your webhost about SSH access.

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