What Is FTP and How Do I Use It?

You may or may not have heard the term, FTP [def.], but it is something that can come in handy when creating a Web site. FTP is an acronym that stands for File Transfer Protocol. An FTP client is a program that allows you to easily move files from one computer to another.

In the case of creating a Web site, this means that if you create the pages for your site on your computer, either using a text editor or some otherWeb page editor, then you will need to move it to the server where your site will be hosted.

There are many different FTP clients that you can download from the Internet. Some of these can be downloaded for free and others on a try before you buy basis.

Once you have your FTP client uploaded to your computer and you have an account set up with a home page hosting provider that offers FTP then you are ready to get started.

Open your FTPclient. You will see several different boxes that you will need to fill out. The first one is the Profile Name. This is simply the name you are going to give to this particular site. You can call it MyHome Page if you want to.

The next box is the Host Name or Address. This is the name of the server that your home page is being hosted on. You can get this from your hosting provider. It will look something like this: .

The other important things you will need to access your site are your User ID and Password.

These are the same as the username and password that you gave when you signed up for the hosting service that you are trying to access.

You may want to click on the button that saves your password so you dont have to type it every time unless you have a security reason for not doing this. You may also want to go to the startup properties and change the initial local folder to automatically go to the place on your computer where you are keeping your home page files.

Once you have all your settings in place click on the button that says OK and you will see it connect to the other server. You will know this is complete when files show up on the right side of the screen.

For simplicitys sake, I recommend that you set up the folders on yourhosting serviceexactly the same as you set them up on your computer so you will always remember to send your files to the correct folders.

Now that you are connected the hard part is behind you and we can start the fun stuff. Lets transfer some files!

The left side of the screen are the files on your computer. Find the file that you want to transfer by double clicking on the folders until you get to your file. The right side of the screen are the files on the hosting server. Go to the folder you want to transfer your files to also by double clicking.

Now you can either double click on the file you are transferring or you can single click on it and then click on the arrow that points to the right side of the screen. Either way, you will now have a file on your hosting server. To move a file from the hosting server to your computer do the same thing except click on the arrow that points to the left side of the screen.

Thats not all you can do with your files using the FTP client. You can also view, rename, delete and move your files around. If you need to create a new folder for your files you can do that too by clicking on MkDir.

Youve now mastered the skill of transferring files. All you have left to do is go to your hosting provider, log in and look at your Web site. You may need to make a fewadjustments to your linksbut you now have a working Web site of your very own.

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FTPclient

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CodePlex is going read-only starting November 27th.

CodePlexProject Hosting for Open Source Software

An FTP client library to provide high-level FTP functionality for the FTPrequest in the Framework 2.0

MOVED TO GITHUBAs you may be aware, CodePlex is shutting down in Dec 2017. The source code for the project has been copied to GitHub at

If downloading the source code, please use FtpClient2 version, as this is the latest one.

FTPclient implements a high-level FTP client library using the System.NET.FTPrequest library in the .NET Framework 2.0 and above. Although .NET now supports FTP it is a very basic protocol-level support, hence I wrote this library to give easy access to .NET functionality.

To find out more about this library in the first instance read my

CodeProject article. Originally written in VB.NET it has been translated into C as well and I hope to maintain both versions as people will find it easier to debug and add functionality if it remains in both versions.

If the source is available on CodeProject, why add it to CodePlex as well? I would like to allow others to share modifications, bugfixes and improvements, which isnt really that easy in CodeProject. It is much easier in CodePlex so I have set up the code here as well.If you are interested helping with modifications and improvements please let me know.

Last editedNov 10, 2017 at 10:07 AMbyQuango, version 8

There is no recommended release for this project.

FTP client on ESXi 5

HomeVMTNVMware vSphere™ESXiDiscussions

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Latest replyon Feb 21, 2015 12:20 AM by Froggiz

Im running a few VMs on ESXi 5 which I need to backupMy backup facility is remote and only accessible by FTP (not even sftp)

Ive been googling for a ftp client on ESXi, and I found posts about ftpput & ftpget (although on ESXi 3 & 4)I can ssh to the ESXi host, but ftpput & ftpget do not seem to work (not found)

I guess Im close to the solution, but I must miss the last bits…

Downloaded the busybox binary /downloads/binaries/1.19.0/busybox-x86_64and made links to ftpput & ftpget

Next step is how to get through the ESXi firewall: the outgoing connection (FTP client) is allowed, but I still cant get through.

~ ftpput -v -u user -p pass -P 21 host.domain.net /etc/hostsConnecting to host.domain.net (IP:21)ftpput: cmd (null) (null)ftpput: cmd USER userftpput: cmd PASS passftpput: cmd TYPE I (null)ftpput: cmd PASV (null)ftpput: cant connect to remote host (IP): Connection timed out~

Thank you for your post, but I do not need a FTP server, I jst need a working solution for a FTP client …

Does it work better when you disable the firewall completely? (Run esxcli network firewall set –enabled false in an ESXi shell to disable it).

There are probably more open ports required when you run ftp in active mode. You could also try to configure your FTP server to use passive mode only.

I can go through the firewall, but the FTP server kicks me with a Connection refused. I need to talk to my backup provider about this

Also, complely disabling a firewall makes me always somewhat nervour, even for the duration of a backup

I would disable the firewall just temporarily to test if it makes a difference…

If it works with the firewall disabled you can be sure that you need to open additional ports on the firewall to make it work.

The message Connection refused by the FTP server can also indicate that the FTP server is not able to connect back to the ESXi host, because it is blocked by the firewall.

If you have the chance to try and use FTP passive mode I would definitely go for that, because it is more firewall friendly than active mode.

I ran the test with the firewall completely disabled. Getting the connection refused tells me that I need to contact my FTP server provider.

Also, passive is not quite possible, as Im stuck with Busybox ftpput/ftpget on ESXi

Have you ever manage to solve this? I would also like to upload some files from ESX 5.1. Ive downloaded the latest BusyBox binary and tried ftpput, but I get cant connect to remote host (xxx): Connection timed out. Ive verified with my FTP server (pure-ftpd) that user succesfully logs in, but when the actual transfer shoudl begin, nothing happens and I get the connection timed out message. Has this something to do active/passive ftp mode? Is BusyBox using active or passive ftp mode?

No, my issue is still not solved as I would like to see it.

However, I have found that it was easy to copy files to/from my Esxi with scp & sftp: simply enable SSH from the security profile and off you go.

I know, this is still no (S)FTP client, but at least I can manually backup my VMs

Ive done this a while ago and I do not remember all the details.

If you need more info, just page me, I will do my best to help

you can get an FTP client to work in ESXi 5.x when opening the firewall for the FTP client and using active (not passive) mode.

In the following blog post I outlined how to use the ncftpput tool to backup ESXi to a FTP server. The example can be easily modified for other purposes:

Thanks for the tip on disabling the firewall — that worked for me!

Also, I would check out wget for a ftp client. That works and also works with credentials:

Of course… this is NOT secure. The password is sent as plaintext over the network. So, if security is an issue, dont use ftp.

copy past the url into your web browser

upload bin files to your esxi using SFTP option on a ftp client (SFTP is included in ssh)

esxcli network firewall set –enable false

create a folder where tar will be extract

tar -CTargetFolder-xvzfArchive.tgz

once extracted you can move the bin folder to where you want using the command mv

esxcli network firewall set –enable false

./bin/ncftpput -u user -p pass -v -z -t 5 -F -P 21 server serverPath localFilePath

-v =use progress meter (not really usefull)

-F = passive mode (-E for active mode)

if you dont use passive mode, u can disable only ftppart of the firewall with the command:

esxcli network firewall ruleset set -r ftpClient -e false

esxcli network firewall set –enable true

Xlight

Xlight – Windows FTP and SFTP Server

Xlight is a Windows FTP and SFTP server to make file transfer secure and easier to use. It is a portable and powerful program with low memory and CPU usage. The server is designed for high performance and can handle thousands of simultaneous FTP connections.

Xlight FTP Server has many useful features and has free edition for personal use. The program is compatible with Windows 2000, XP, Vista, 7, 10, 2003, 2008 and 2012. The following are some of its features:

Active Directory users can be easily integrated with Xlight to add FTP and SFTP functions. Users home directory in Active Directory will be his FTP/SFTP home directory. User has native home path isolation (he can not see other users home path).

LDAP users can be authenticated and integrated with Xlight FTP and SFTP functions. FTP settings of users can be stored in the LDAP server through extended schema.

Xlight FTP and SFTP users and their settings can be stored in database. File transfer log can also be stored in database for easy checking.Database Stored Procedureis supported to facilitate FTP and SFTP users integration with other applications.

FTP sessions and file transfer can be protected by industry security standard.SSL client authenticationis also supported.

SFTP server and users can be created and managed the same way as FTP server.

User can login to SFTP server using Public key instead of password.

Email can be sent after file uploading, downloading, user login and logout etc. Email recipients and content can be customized. Many email notification settings can be tweaked so that server can send email to different users based on different conditions.

FTP server can use the impersonation account to access password protected Network Shares in NAS or other Enterprise servers.

IPv6 is seamlessly integrated in all server functions.

Detailed logs of ftp sessions and server errors.

FTP/SFTP File transfer logs can be stored in the database. User file transfer history can be easily searched and retrieved.

Support writing ftp transfer log in popular UNIX FTP xferlog format, so that tools in UNIX can be used to process FTP file transfer log.

All server logs can be sent to Syslog server at the same time.

It can run as Windows system service.

FTP/SFTP virtual server can be created on different ports and multiple virtual servers can run on the same IP address.

Each user has his own virtual paths separated from other users. User cannot see other users paths. No need to configure FTP User Isolation.

FTP/SFTP server supports public and group paths, which make the access control and permission management much easier. Group path can be seen only by users of a group, public path can be seen by all users.

Server can be securely administrated from outside and remote administration is firewall friendly. It can be performed from any opened FTP control port.

What is a FTP Client?

As a website or blog owner, knowing how to use a FTP client (FTP software) is a useful skill. Instead of relying on your WYSWYG (What you see what you get) software or the interface of your blogging software to upload files, images and other content to your webspace you can use a FTP client and be in full control.

FTP is the acronym for the File Transfer Protocol, a protocol for transfering files.

FTP software (or FTP client) is used to copy files from one computer to another over the Internet.

Your FTP software connects to another computer connected to the Internet using a file host name, user name and password when we are talking about using it to upload (or download) files and content for your website or blog.

Regular FTP transfers are not secure. The data sent over the Internet is not encrypted therefore the file, user name, password and commands sent can be read/seen by a packet sniffer (capture) piece of software surfing the net to find such information.

For better security use a FTPS connection.

First of all, you have to download a FTP program. FTP clients can either be free or a paid parison of FTP Client Softwareat Wikipedia has a list sorted byfreefreewarefreeware and paywarepaywareandoperating system.

You will need the FTP information from your web hosting firm. Try and get the secure FTP information.

Once you have installed the FTP client on your computer you need to set it up for the site you wish to FTP the files to.

The profile name can be anything you want. Make it something that will make sense to you later if you will be using the FTP software for more than one site.

The host name will be given to you by your web hosting compay. It can be an IP address (123.123.123.123) or your domain name with ftp in front m).

Depending on how your web hosting handles FTP, you could have been automatically assigned a FTP user name or you may have to create a FTP account yourself.

For security reasons, this should be different from your web hosting account login password. If your web hosting company has setup the FTP account with the same password as your main login, change it to something else. Use PCToolsSecure Password Generatorto create a secure password. Make sure you record it somewhere for safekeeping!

Also for security reasons, do not save the password to the software. If you do, anyone that gains access to your computer can upload/download or otherwise mess up your site. Dont worry, you will soon remember the password to enter each time you use the FTP client.

To make things easier each time you use the FTP client, enter the path on your computer to the folder that contains your website or blogs files.

Like the location of the files on your computer, if you enter the path to the correct location on the web server for your site you wont have to navigate the path next time you use the FTP client.

Using a FTP client to transfer your website or blog files is a skill each site owner should learn. You can also use your FTP client software tobackup your site. You have a backup, right?

File Transfer Protocol technical information about the FTP Protocol.

FTPS information on the FTPS Protocol

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Good information here. Just wondering which FTP client that particular guide is written for, as many clients dont have profile names etc (I use Linux command line FTP).

The two I have used had a spot for profile name, etc. Each FTP client is going to be different so this is a general guide.

[…] -FTP software so you can upload the WordPress files to your hosting account. I would not use the push button […]

[…] have on the webspace to your computer. To do that you need a FTP client. Here are the instructions: What is a FTP Client? When you got the theme, did you install it from within WordPress or did you download it to your […]

[…] to upload the WordPress files via FTP than using your web hosting file manager screen. See our FTP software post if you need help setting up your FTP […]

[…] a FTP software instead. Its easier than figuring out the Site thing in Dreamweaver. […]

[…] When you decide on a theme for your WordPress site have a look at what files are contained in the theme folder. The easiest way to get a better picture of what is included in your theme is to download it to your computer from the source or from your WordPress installation on the web server via a FTP client/software. […]

Ive been using filezilla for years and I would recommend it to anyone looking for a free ftp program.

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Connecting to GoDaddy FTP server??

HomeForumsDirect FTP

Pleasesign into your account orcreate an accountto join the conversation.

Hi, I have tried to connect to Upload files via FTP through 2 different avenues: CoffeeCups Direct FTP program and also Media Lab Sitegrinder FTP routine. I have repeatedly checked and typed in the correct server, with the user name and password. All I every get is failure to connect to the server. Is there something else extra that I need to do?? Is the port 21?? Any other suggestions??

Thanks, RoddyJan 26th, 2012 at 08:01 PM

Have you gone to your godaddy account to make sure what the settings are that are needed for you to connect? That would be the first thing to check. Usually they give you information on FTP connection information that youll need other than just your ID and Password. Port is something they would have to tell you, but most of the time it is 21. Many times it has to do with the remote server address or the remote folder setting. Check those things and let us know if you need more assistanceJo

If you have a host, youll need to set up a server profile in the HTML Editor. To do this, go to File Upload File to Server Add or Edit Servers. This opens the Server Configuration window. Click the Add button to open the Server Configuration – Add window, which allows you to add a new server profile.

Well go over the information you should put in each field. If you are unsure of this information, contact your hosting provider.

Nickname: A personal reminder you can use to tell your servers apart. You can name your servers anything you want.

Server: The location where you will upload your website files. It should be in the form of an IP address, your domain name (e.g. ), or your domain name preceded by ftp. m). Do not include ftp:// or It is up to your web hosting company to assign your FTP server host name, so you will need to find out from them what it is.

Username: The FTP username assigned to you by your web hosting company. Be sure to enter the information exactly how it was given to you by your provider. Usernames are case sensitive, so if there are capital letters in your username, you must enter it that way.

Password: The FTP password assigned to you by your web hosting company. Be sure to enter the information exactly how it was given to you by your provider. Passwords are case sensitive, so if there are capital letters in your password, you must enter it that way.

Protocol: Your preferred FTP connection. Standard FTP is fine for most connections.

Clicking the Advanced link displays additional information you may need to add.

Port: A port defines how the server responds to a certain protocol. This number is usually 21, and unless your hosting provider has told you otherwise, you should not change it.

Passive Mode: Checking this box activates passive mode. Enable passive mode if you experience trouble connecting.

File Upload Overwrite: Choose what you would like the program to do when it tries to upload a file with the same name as a file already on your folder: ask what you would like to do, automatically overwrite it, or skip that file.

Manage Folder Bookmarks: Folders on your server you would like to bookmark for later use.

When youre ready to publish your work, go to File Upload File to Server and select the server and remote folder where you want to upload your files. A window will appear displaying the progress of your upload. When the upload is complete, the window closes automatically. You can then view your updated website online.An Apple doth not fall far from its tree, yet an orange does.

Responsive Web Design & Web Hosting Services.

HTML5, CSS3 and CC Help Video Blog.Sep 12th, 2012 at 02:58 PM

Go into Godaddys FTP users – make sure you have the new style passwords (they want a number and a symbol now) … i had an older password and mine didnt work till i updated.

NOTE: the Server is the Domain Name all caps – no

Example mine is PUERTOMORELOSVILLAS.com (wont work if you dont use caps??? i have no idea why??? i found out a few years back – only coffecup FTP needs all caps for GoDaddy other FTP work normal – its a GoDaddy thing….just like there special form requirements)

I am also having problems with uploading to Godaddy and would be interested to hear about any success others who have posted with the same issue have had. I have checked my settings e.g. FTP User name & password entered in my Godaddy hosting a/c but there does not seem to be an issue. The error message I receive in Coffee Cup Direct FTP is numbered 530 and specifically mentions Login name & password as being probable issue. Any assistance would be useful.

I have GoDaddy and I can connect fine via VSD, but Direct FTP will NOT connect. My settings are exactly the same in both places. I have uninstalled, rebooted and reinstalled Direct FTP twice now and still it wont connect.

There was a problem connecting to your host or proxy. Please check your server settings and try again. If you are sure you have entered the correct information, please contact your network administrator or the server administrator. [7] Additional information: couldnt connect to host.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Humor is like a rubber sword, it allows you to make your point without drawing blood.Oct 25th, 2012 at 04:46 PM

I have GoDaddy and I can connect fine via VSD, but Direct FTP will NOT connect. My settings are exactly the same in both places. I have uninstalled, rebooted and reinstalled Direct FTP twice now and still it wont connect.

There was a problem connecting to your host or proxy. Please check your server settings and try again. If you are sure you have entered the correct information, please contact your network administrator or the server administrator. [7] Additional information: couldnt connect to host.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Did you try toggling on or off Passive Mode to see if that helps Lisa?Learn the essentials with these quick tips forResponsive Site DesignerResponsive Email DesignerFoundation Framer, and the newBootstrap Builder. Youll be making awesome, code-free responsive websites and newsletters like a boss.Oct 25th, 2012 at 09:07 PM

Humor is like a rubber sword, it allows you to make your point without drawing blood.Oct 25th, 2012 at 09:37 PM

Its easy to overlook something youre not looking for.

examples of what can be accomplished in VSD.

Heres my CoffeeCup SCCP Shop with examples of what can be done.

This is a site I built for my work.(RSD)

This is a site I built for use in my job.(HTML Editor)

This is my personnel site used for testing and as an easy way to share photos.(RLM imported to RSD)

HomeForumsDirect FTPConnecting to GoDaddy FTP server??

Have something to add? Wed love to hear it!

You must have an account to participate. PleaseSign In Here, then join the conversation.

We started in a real coffee house in 1996 with theHTML Editor.Our philosophy has always been to createweb design softwareandservicesso you can make better Websites. We are dedicated to helping you withextraordinary supportso we can succeed together.

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Using Windows Explorer as an FTP Client

A FTP client is a software that enables you to upload files to your webhost server. If you are using Windows, you dont really need to buy or download any extra FTP client software, because Windows Explorer has built in FTP functionality. In this lesson, we will learn how.

Your web host might have an control panel interface for you to upload file to the webhost. And if you are doing it for the first time, you might want to give that a try. But as you become more experienced, you might find the interface a bit limiting since you often have to select a file at a time. A more efficient way is to use an FTP client where you can manipulate the webhost files directly. This gives you added power, but you also have to be more careful as to not alter the critical files used to maintain your account.

Lets learn to use Window Explorer as a FTP client to upload and manipulate our website on our webhost.

Step 1:Open Windows Explorer and type inftp://yourusername@yourdomainin the address bar. Replace yourusername with the actual login username that you webhost had given you. And replace yourdomain with your domain name. A lot of web hosts automatically set up your login in such a way that you can FTP to your account via this method. However, because of the diverse variety of webhost out there, I can not say that this will work for all web hosts. You will have to try or ask your web host. For some other web host, typingmight work also.

Step 2:Enter the password for your login provided by your webhost.

Step 3:Once you have logged on, double-click to go into thepublic_htmlfolder at least that the the folder name used by most webhosts. This is where you would put your HTML files that you want to be accessible on the web.

Files or folders outside of thispublic_htmlfolder are not visible on the web. They control the functioning of your account.

Step 4:Inside thepublic_htmlfolder, you will see various files and folders depending on your webhost. There are some files or folders that start with a dot and they control the functioning of your account. Same thing in regards to thecgi-binfolder. The first thing you want to put in this public_html folder is a file calledindex.htmorindex.html.

This file will be the default home page of your site. When users browse to, the browser will automatically look for theindex.htmorindex.htmlfile in thepublic_htmlfolder and display that HTML page to the user.

To copy this file to ourpublic_htmlfolder, simply open another Windows Explorer window and navigate to our local copy of our index.html file and then drag and drop the file there to the webhost server.

Alternatively, you can drag the entire directory structure from you local disk to the webhost and the directory structure will be maintained.

Note that if you are trying to copy a large amount of files at one time to the webhost, there is a possibility that the host might timeout. If that happens, you would just have to re-do the copy. Or better yet, copy a fewer files at a time.

If you already have existing files on the webhost with the same names, Windows Explorer will prompt you prior to updating them.

Now you see that the operation of the ftp folder works similar to the operations that you are used to in Window Explorer.

So it is no surprise that if you want to delete a file from your webhost, simply highlight it in thepublic_htmlfolder, press theDelkey, and confirm when prompted

Step 6:We often will need to create additional sub-folders in our webspace. For example, we might want to create animagesfolder to store the image for our website. Do this by, right-clicking in thepublic_htmlarea and selectNew Folder

Step 7:Dont forget to log out by closing the Explorer window.

Note:This tutorial is valid for Windows 7.

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Microsoft Windows

This is a list of the commands available when using the Microsoft Windows command-line FTP client (requires TCP/IP to be installed). All information is from the Windows NT help files. If you need to use the raw FTP commands instead of these interpreted commands (for example, if yourewriting your own FTP client), please consultthis listinstead.

List of FTP commands for the Microsoft command-line FTP clientCommand-line optionsAs youre starting the program from a DOS prompt:

ftp [-v] [-d] [-i] [-n] [-g] [-s:filename] [-a] [-w:windowsize] [computer]

– Suppressesverbosedisplay of remote server responses.

– Suppresses auto-login upon initial connection.

– Turns off interactivepromptingduring multiple file transfers.

– Enablesdebugging, displaying all ftp commands passed between the client and server.

– Disables filenameglobbing, which permits the use of wildcard chracters in local file and path names.

– Specifies a text file containing ftp commands; the commands will automatically run after ftp starts. No spaces are allowed in this parameter. Use this switch instead of redirection (&gt).

– Use any local interface when binding data connection.

– Overrides the default transfer buffer size of 4096.

– Specifies the computer name or IP address of the remote computer to connect to. The computer, if specified, must be the last parameter on the line.

!- Runs the specified command on the local computer

?- Displays descriptions for ftp commands

append- Appends a local file to a file on the remote computer

ascii- Sets the file transfer type to ASCII, the default

bell- Toggles a bell to ring after each file transfer command is completed (default = OFF)

binary- Sets the file transfer type to binary

bye- Ends the FTP session and exits ftp

cd- Changes the working directory on the remote computer

close- Ends the FTP session and returns to the command interpreter

debug- Toggles debugging (default = OFF)

delete- Deletes a single file on a remote computer

dir- Displays a list of a remote directorys files and subdirectories

disconnect- Disconnects from the remote computer, retaining the ftp prompt

get- Copies a single remote file to the local computer

glob- Toggles filename globbing (wildcard characters) (default = ON)

hash- Toggles hash-sign () printing for each data block transferred (default = OFF)

help- Displays descriptions for ftp commands

lcd- Changes the working directory on the local computer

literal- Sends arguments, verbatim, to the remote FTP server

ls- Displays an abbreviated list of a remote directorys files and subdirectories

mdelete- Deletes one or more files on a remote computer

mdir- Displays a list of a remote directorys files and subdirectories

mget- Copies one or more remote files to the local computer

mls- Displays an abbreviated list of a remote directorys files and subdirectories

mput- Copies one or more local files to the remote computer

open- Connects to the specified FTP server

prompt- Toggles prompting (default = ON)

put- Copies a single local file to the remote computer

pwd- Displays the current directory on the remote computer (literally,

quit- Ends the FTP session with the remote computer and exits ftp (same as bye)

quote- Sends arguments, verbatim, to the remote FTP server (same as literal)

recv- Copies a remote file to the local computer

remotehelp- Displays help for remote commands

send- Copies a local file to the remote computer (same as put)

status- Displays the current status of FTP connections

trace- Toggles packet tracing (default = OFF)

type- Sets or displays the file transfer type (default = ASCII)

user- Specifes a user to the remote computer

verbose- Toggles verbose mode (default = ON)

!Runs the specified command on the local computer.

command- Specifies the command to run on the local computer. If command is omitted, the local command prompt is displayed; type exit to return to ftp.

?Displays descriptions for ftp commands. ? is identical tohelp.

command- Specifies the name of the command about which you want a description. If command is not specified, ftp displays a list of all commands.

appendAppends a local file to a file on the remote computer using the current file type setting.

Syntax:appendlocal-file [remote-file]

local-file- Specifies the local file to add.

remote-file- Specifies the file on the remote computer to which local-file will be added. If remote-file is omitted, the local filename is used for the remote filename.

asciiSets the file transfer type to ASCII, the default.

FTP supports two file transfer types, ASCII and binary image. ASCII should be used when transferring text files. See alsobinary.

In ASCII mode, character conversions to and from the network standard character set are performed. For example, end-of-line characters are converted as necessary, based on the target operating system.

bellToggles a bell to ring after each file transfer command is completed. By default, the bell is off.

binarySets the file transfer type to binary.

FTP supports two file transfer types, ASCII and binary image. Binary should be used when transferring executable files. In binary mode, the file is moved byte-by-byte. See alsoascii.

byeEnds the FTP session with the remote computer and exits ftp.

cdChanges the working directory on the remote computer.

remote-directory- Specifies the directory on the remote computer to change to.

closeEnds the FTP session with the remote server and returns to the command interpreter.

debugToggles debugging. When debugging is on, each command sent to the remote computer is printed, preceded by the string—&gt. By default, debugging is off.

deleteDeletes a single file on a remote computer. See alsomdelete, which can delete multiple files.

remote-file- Specifies the file to delete.

dirDisplays a list of a remote directorys files and subdirectories. See alsomdir, which can list multiple directories.

Syntax:dir[remote-directory] [local-file]

remote-directory- Specifies the directory for which you want to see a listing. If no directory is specified, the current working directory on the remote computer is used.

local-file- Specifies a local file to store the listing. If not specified, output is displayed on the screen.

disconnectDisconnects from the remote computer, retaining the ftp prompt.

getCopies a remote file to the local computer using the current file transfertype. See alsomget, which can copy multiple files.

Specifies the name to use on the local computer. If not specified, the file is given the remote-file name.

globToggles filename globbing. Globbing permits use of wildcard characters in local file or path names. By default, globbing is on.

hashToggles hash-sign () printing for each data block transferred. The size of a data block is 2048 bytes. By default, hash mark printing is off.

helpDisplays descriptions for ftp commands.

command- Specifies the name of the command about which you want a description. If command is not specified, ftp displays a list of all commands.

lcdChanges the working directory on the local computer. By default, the working directory is the directory in which ftp was started.

directory- Specifies the directory on the local computer to change to. If directory is not specified, the current working directory on the local computer is displayed.

literalSends arguments, verbatim, to the remote FTP server. A single FTP reply code is expected in return.

argument- Specifies the argument to send to the FTP server.

lsDisplays an abbreviated list of a remote directorys files and subdirectories.

Syntax:ls[remote-directory] [local-file]

remote-directory- Specifies the directory for which you want to see a listing. If no directory is specified, the current working directory on the remote computer is used.

local-file- Specifies a local file to store the listing. If not specified, output is displayed on the screen.

mdeleteDeletes one or more files on a remote computer.

remote-files- Specifies the remote files to delete.

mdirDisplays a list of a remote directorys files and subdirectories. Mdir allows you to specify multiple files.

Syntax:mdirremote-files [ …] local-file

remote-files- Specifies the directory for which you want to see a listing. Remote-files must be specified; type – to use the current working directory on the remote computer.

local-file- Specifies a local file to store the listing. Type – to display the listing on the screen.

mgetCopies one or more remote files to the local computer using the current file transfertype.

remote-files- Specifies the remote file(s) to copy to the local computer.

directory- Specifies the name of the new remote directory.

mlsDisplays an abbreviated list of a remote directorys files and subdirectories.

Syntax:mlsremote-files [ …] local-file

remote-files- Specifies the files for which you want to see a listing. Remote-files must be specified; type – to use the current working directory on the remote computer.

local-file- Specifies a local file to store the listing. Type – to display the listing on the screen.

mputCopies one or more local files to the remote computer using the current file transfertype.

local-files- Specifies the local files to copy to the remote computer.

openConnects to the specified FTP server.

computer- Specifies the remote computer to connect to. Computer can be specified by IP address or computer name (a DNS or HOSTS file must be available). If auto-login is on (default), FTP also attempts to automatically log the user in to the FTP server (see Ftp command-line options to disable auto-login).

port- Specifies a port number to use to contact an FTP server.

promptToggles prompting. Ftp prompts during multiple file transfers to allow you to selectively retrieve or store files;mgetandmputtransfer all files if prompting is turned off. By default, prompting is on.

putCopies a local file to the remote computer using the current file transfertype. See alsomput, which can copy multiple files.

local-file- Specifies the local file to copy.

remote-file- Specifies the name to use on the remote computer. If not specified, the file is given the local-file name.

pwdDisplays the current directory on the remote computer.

quitEnds the FTP session with the remote computer and exits ftp.

quoteSends arguments, verbatim, to the remote FTP server. A single FTP reply code is expected in return. Quote is identical toliteral.

argument- Specifies the argument to send to the FTP server.

recvCopies a remote file to the local computer using the current file transfertype. Recv is identical toget.

remote-file- Specifies the remote file to copy.

local-file- Specifies the name to use on the local computer. If not specified, the file is given the remote-file name.

remotehelpDisplays help for remote commands.

command- Specifies the name of the command about which you want help. If command is not specified, ftp displays a list of all remote commands.

filename- Specifies the file you want to rename.

newfilename- Specifies the new filename.

directory- Specifies the name of the remote directory to delete.

sendCopies a local file to the remote computer using the current file transfertype. Send is identical toput.

local-file- Specifies the local file to copy.

remote-file- Specifies the name to use on the remote computer. If not specified, the file is given the local-file name.

statusDisplays the current status of FTP connections and toggles.

traceToggles packet tracing; trace displays the route of each packet when running an ftp command.

typeSets or displays the file transfer type.

type-name- Specifies the file transfer type; the default is ASCII. If type-name is not specified, the current type is displayed.

FTP supports two file transfer types, ASCII and binary image.

ASCIIshould be used when transferring text files. In ASCII mode, character conversions to and from the network standard character set are performed. For example, end-of-line characters are converted as necessary, based on the destinations operating system.

Binaryshould be used when transferring executable files. In binary mode, the file is moved byte-by-byte.

userSpecifes a user to the remote computer.

Syntax:useruser-name [password] [account]

user-name- Specifies a user name with which to log in to the remote computer.

password- Specifies the password for user-name. If not specified, but required, ftp prompts for the password.

account- Specifies an account with which to log on to the remote computer. If account is not specified, but required, ftp prompts for the account.

verboseToggles verbose mode. If on, all ftp responses are displayed; when a file transfer completes, statistics regarding the efficiency of the transfer are also displayed. By default, verbose is on.

FTP Client enterLocalPassiveMode

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